Masakazu Takahashi

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Sericin is the silk protein that covers fibroin fibers and functions as a `glue' in the cocoons of silkworms, and its most abundant component, Ser1, contains repeats of Ser- and Thr-rich 38 amino acid residues. The viability of Sf9 insect cells was 20, 57 and 49% on the fifth day and 41, 91 and 70% on the ninth day after serum deprivation in the presence of(More)
The problem of pyrethroid-resistance in head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer), is growing worldwide, and an insensitive sodium channel is suspected as the major mechanism of this resistance. We sequenced an open reading frame (ORF) encoding for the para-orthologous sodium channel from an insecticide-susceptible strain of the body louse, Pediculus(More)
The Japanese herb, Ashitaba (Angelica keiskei Koidzumi), contains two prenylated chalcones, 4-hydroxyderricin and xanthoangelol, which are considered to be the major active compounds of Ashitaba. However, their effects on inflammatory responses are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of(More)
Bacillus pumilus TYO-67 has been isolated from tofuyo, a traditional fermented food made from soybean milk in Okinawa, Japan. This bacterium secretes a soybean-milk-coagulating enzyme (SMCE), which can be applied for the production of processed foods from soybean milk. Thus, an easy method of producing the recombinant enzyme was developed in this study.(More)
Sericin is the silk protein enveloping fibroin fibers in cocoons. Sericin hydrolysate protects cultured Sf9 insect cells from death caused by serum deprivation; the activity depends on the repeats of 38 amino acids. A partial peptide from the 38 residues, SGGSSTYGYS, inhibited serum-deprivation death as well. Cell viabilities in the presence of 10% (v/v)(More)
Structural and functional changes in myosin of fast muscles during early post-natal development were studied to seek correlations with well-known physiological changes in the contraction rate. The findings were as follows: 1. It is known that fetal fast muscle myosin contains three kinds of light chains. It was confirmed that their molecular weights were(More)
In neurons, synaptic vesicle exocytosis involves the formation of a core complex particle including syntaxin-1, synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) and vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP)-2/synaptobrevin. The expression of these proteins was investigated in a panel of cell lines, including lines of endocrine and intestinal origin, by(More)
A tridecapeptide (MITLAIPVNKPGR) that stimulates phagocytosis of human neutrophils was isolated from a trypsin digest of soybean proteins. This peptide is derived from the soybean beta-conglycinin alpha' subunit and was named soymetide-13. The N-terminal methionine residue of soymetide-13 is essential for its activity, and removal of C-terminal residues(More)