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Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are characterized by peripheral blood cytopenias despite hypercellularity of the bone marrow regarded as the result of ineffective hematopoiesis mainly caused by apoptosis. In this study, we examined the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced apoptosis in the bone marrow cells of MDS patients. The constitutive expression(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent reports have described hypotensive transfusion reactions in patients receiving platelet concentrates (PCs) filtered through white cell-reduction filters. It is well known that a negatively charged surface activates the contact system, consisting of factor XII, prekallikrein, and high-molecular-weight kininogen. STUDY DESIGN AND(More)
The percent of granular lymphocytes of total bone marrow lymphocytes was 12.5% in controls, 15% in myeloma and 27% in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). A good correlation was found between the percent of granular lymphocytes in the bone marrow lymphocytes at diagnosis (Y) and the years of survival (X) from the diagnosis of either(More)
We examined the antileukemic effects of high concentrations of L-ascorbic acid (high AA) on human leukemic cells. In vitro, high AA markedly induced apoptosis in various leukemic cell lines by generating hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) but not in normal hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. High AA significantly repressed leukemic cell proliferation as well as(More)
In an attempt to determine the pathological significance of a long arm deletion of chromosome 13 (13q-) in bone marrow failure syndrome, we reviewed the clinical records of nine patients who were initially diagnosed with aplastic anaemia due to bone marrow hypoplasia without dysplasia. Six patients responded to immunosuppressive therapy and the other three(More)
A 54-year-old woman, who had been given a diagnosis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) refractory to steroid therapy, was admitted to our hospital because of severe bleeding tendency. Splenectomy, high dose vitamin-C and interferon-alpha were not effective, although high-dose gamma-globulin had some effect. Since high-dose glucocorticoid was(More)
A 55-year old woman admitted to our hospital with bleeding tendency. She was diagnosed as having idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) by the platelet count 4.8 x 10(4)/microliter, Platelet associated IgG (PAIgG) 88.5 ng/10(7) cells, and an increase of megakaryocyte (81/microliter) of the sternal bone marrow. No obvious dysplasia of three lineages was(More)
A 64-year-old man who had taken acute myelogenous leukemia (AML-M2) in 1989 have relapsed with t(12; 17) (p13; q11.2-21) chromosomal abnormality and presenting marked infiltration to the skin in 1994. Blasts were seen on his peripheral blood smear (15%) and bone marrow examination showed increased leukemic cells (56%), with maturation. Leukemic cells(More)
A 38-year-old woman with pancytopenia and liver dysfunction was diagnosed with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). On days 9 and 10 of admission, peripheral blood smears showed macrophages phagocytosing platelets, and reactive hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) was diagnosed. Hemophagocytic syndrome was successfully treated with high-dose prednisolone(More)
Stratification of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) may be important. We investigated 138 MM patients, focusing on correlations between CD20 expression, 11 ; 14 translocation, morphology of MM cells, cyclin D1 immunostaining, and the prognosis. About 15% of patients (7/47cases) were CD20-positive, small mature MM cells, with positive cyclin D1 in the(More)