Masakazu Nishida

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Adiponectin is a novel, adipose-specific protein abundantly present in the circulation, and it has antiatherogenic properties. We analyzed the plasma adiponectin concentrations in age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched nondiabetic and type 2 diabetic subjects with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). Plasma levels of adiponectin in the diabetic(More)
Capecitabine (N4-pentyloxycarbonyl-5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine) is a novel oral fluoropyrimidine carbamate, which is converted to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) selectively in tumours through a cascade of three enzymes. The present study investigated tissue localisation of the three enzymes in humans, which was helpful for us to design the compound. Carboxylesterase(More)
BACKGROUND Among the many adipocyte-derived endocrine factors, we recently found an adipocyte-specific secretory protein, adiponectin, which was decreased in obesity. Although obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, the molecular basis for the link between obesity and vascular disease has not been fully clarified. The(More)
We explored the phylogenetic utility and limits of the individual and concatenated mitochondrial genes for reconstructing the higher-level relationships of teleosts, using the complete (or nearly complete) mitochondrial DNA sequences of eight teleosts (including three newly determined sequences), whose relative phylogenetic positions were noncontroversial.(More)
BACKGROUND Among the many adipocyte-derived endocrine factors, we found an adipocyte-derived plasma protein, adiponectin, that was decreased in obesity. We recently demonstrated that adiponectin inhibited tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced expression of endothelial adhesion molecules and that plasma adiponectin level was reduced in patients(More)
Although adequate resolution of higher-level relationships of organisms apparently requires longer DNA sequences than those currently being analyzed, limitations of time and resources present difficulties in obtaining such sequences from many taxa. For fishes, these difficulties have been overcome by the development of a PCR-based approach for sequencing(More)
Lake Tanganyika harbors numerous endemic species of extremely diverse cichlid fish that have been classified into 12 major taxonomic groups known as tribes. Analysis of short interspersed element (SINE) insertion data has been acknowledged to be a powerful tool for the elucidation of phylogenetic relationships, and we applied this method in an attempt to(More)
A recent study demonstrated that mitochondrial genomic (mitogenomic) data comprising nucleotide sequences from the concatenated protein-coding (no 3rd codon positions) plus transfer RNA (stem regions only) genes reproduced the expected phylogeny of teleosts with high statistical support. We reexamined the interrelationships of the five major, basal(More)
Capecitabine (N4-pentyloxycarbonyl-5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine) is a novel fluoropyrimidine carbamate that is converted to 5-fluorouracil (5-FUra) by three enzymes located in the liver and tumors; the final step is the conversion of 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-dFUrd) to 5-FUra by thymidine phosphorylase in tumors. The present study compared the efficacy of(More)
Thymidine phosphorylase (dThdPase) is an essential enzyme for the activation of the cytostatics capecitabine (N(4)-pentyloxycarbonyl-5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine) and its intermediate metabolite [5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-dFUrd)] to 5-fluorouracil in tumors. We have tried to identify the best partners of capecitabine in combination therapy, such as dThdPase(More)