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The effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (US) on the proliferation and chondroitin sulfate synthesis of cultured chondrocytes embedded in Atelocollagen gel in vitro were examined. Articular cartilage was harvested from the hip, knee, and shoulder joints of 10-week-old Japanese white rabbits. Chondrocytes isolated by collagenase digestion were embedded(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of vastus lateralis release for painful bipartite patella. We have also compared the results of open method versus arthroscopic method using a holmium:YAG laser system (OmniPulse Holmium Laser System; Trimedyne Inc, Irvine, CA). TYPE OF STUDY This study was a nonrandomized control and(More)
A total of 108 patients with unilateral instability of the knee, associated with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament, was prospectively randomised for arthroscopic single- or double-bundle reconstruction of the ligament using hamstring tendons. The same post-operative rehabilitation protocol was used for all. The patients were followed up for a mean(More)
Hunter's observation in 1743 that cartilage "once destroyed, is not repaired," has not essentially changed for 250 years. At present, there is no well-established procedure for the repair of cartilage defect with articular cartilage, which has the same biochemical and biomechanical properties as the surrounding normal intact cartilage. In 1994,(More)
We have investigated the correlation between the number of mechanoreceptors in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remnants and the joint position sense just before an ACL reconstruction in 29 patients. The number of mechanoreceptors was evaluated histologically, using the Gairns gold chloride method. Mechanoreceptors were also found in patients who had a long(More)
INTRODUCTION Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using hamstring tendons has recently received attention because of less donor site morbidity. It has been reported that harvesting hamstring tendons has little effect on postoperative hamstring muscle performance based on the peak torque value of the hamstring strength. However, recent studies(More)
We present the cases of 5 patients with a torn discoid lateral meniscus treated using partial central meniscectomy in conjunction with the suture repair of the tear. The patients were 4 boys and 1 girl with a mean age of 15.4 years (range, 11 to 17). Preoperatively, all patients complained of knee pain during daily or sports activities. At the final(More)
A novel procedure was developed for restoration of an articular cartilage defect using an autologous costal cartilage prepared with iliac bone, and the durability in vivo of this biologic construct was examined. First, an osteochondral complex was prepared (successful preparation, 67 of 80). Cancellous bone blocks isolated from the ilium of male Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND It has been unclear when a hamstring tendon graft becomes biologically fixed in the bone tunnel after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS Postoperative biomechanical testing and magnetic resonance images can indicate biologic fixation of the graft in the femoral bone tunnel. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort study. METHODS(More)
The autologous chondrocyte transplantation technique has been introduced for the repair of articular cartilage defects. The advantage of transplanting chondrocytes cultured in suspension includes the in vitro expansion of cell numbers. However, the disadvantages include the potential leakage of cells from defects, dedifferentiation of cellular phenotype,(More)
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