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OBJECTIVE Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a rare but potentially devastating complication. The purpose of the present study, which was not a randomized controlled trial but a case cohort study with historical control, was to determine whether pretreatment with a novel free radical scavenger, edaravone, could prevent(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to determine whether the preoperative measurement of acetazolamide-induced changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF), which is performed using single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scanning, can be used to identify patients at risk for hyperperfusion following carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In addition, the(More)
BACKGROUND Intermediate-conductance, calcium-activated potassium channels (IKs) modulate proliferation and differentiation in mesodermal cells by enhancing calcium influx, and they contribute to the physiology of fluid movement in certain epithelia. Previous reports suggest that IK channels stimulate proliferative growth in a keratinocyte cell line;(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In animal models, the magnitude of early post-ischemic hyperemia tends to correlate with the duration and intensity of prior ischemic insult. The aim of this study was to determine whether early post-ischemic hyperemia in human brain during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is associated with the severity of cerebral ischemic insult(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE The prognosis of cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after vascular reconstructive surgery, including extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass, is not poor unless intracerebral hemorrhage develops secondary to hyperperfusion. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 48-year-old man with symptomatic moyamoya disease with misery perfusion in the right(More)
OBJECT Cerebral hyperperfusion after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) impairs cognitive function and is often detected on cerebral blood flow (CBF) imaging. The purpose of the present study is to investigate structural brain damage seen on magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained in patients with cerebral hyperperfusion and cognitive impairment after CEA. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but serious complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of the present study was to determine whether intraoperative blood flow velocity (BFV) monitoring in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) by using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) could be used as a reliable technique to(More)
UNLABELLED A simplified technique using (123)I-N-isopropyl-p-iodoamphetamine ((123)I-IMP) autoradiography (ARG) with SPECT has been proposed recently for quantifying regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). To validate the accuracy of (123)I-IMP-ARG for quantifying regional cerebrovascular reactivity (rCVR) to acetazolamide, we compared rCVR determined using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brain temperature is determined by the balance between heat produced by cerebral energy turnover and heat removed by cerebral blood flow. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether brain temperature measured noninvasively using proton MR spectroscopy can detect cerebral hemodynamic impairment in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Common carotid artery (CCA) occlusive disease may cause hemodynamic cerebral ischemia resulting in the development of ischemic symptoms. The blood flow in the superficial temporal artery (STA) ipsilateral to the occluded CCA is usually poor, which limits its use as a donor artery for extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass surgery. CLINICAL(More)