Masakazu Kawashita

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Some ceramics, such as Bioglass, sintered hydroxyapatite, and glass-ceramic A-W, spontaneously bond to living bone. They are called bioactive materials and are already clinically used as important bone substitutes. However, compared with human cortical bone, they have lower fracture toughness and higher elastic moduli. Therefore, it is desirable to develop(More)
Carboxymethylated chitin, gellan gum, and curdlan gels were soaked in a simulated body fluid (SBF) having ion concentrations nearly equal to those of human blood plasma. Some of the gels had been soaked in a saturated Ca(OH)(2) solution, while others had not. The carboxymethylated chitin and gellan gum gels have carboxyl groups, while the curdlan gel has(More)
Ferrimagnetic microspheres 20-30 microm in diameter are useful as thermoseeds for inducing hyperthermia in cancers, especially for tumors located deep inside the body. The microspheres are entrapped in the capillary bed of the tumors when they are implanted through blood vessels and heat cancers locally by their hysteresis loss when placed under an(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the histologic distribution of nonradioactive microspheres when intra-arterially infused into normal kidneys, and to evaluate the histologic changes after the infusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS The glass microspheres were SiO2 microspheres with a smooth spherical shape measuring 20-30 micrometers in diameter with a specific gravity of 2.2(More)
Some ceramics, such as Bioglass, sintered hydroxyapatite, and glass-ceramic A-W, spontaneously form a bone-like apatite layer on their surface in the living body, and bond to bone through the apatite layer. These materials are called bioactive ceramics, and are clinically important for use as bone-repairing materials. However, they cannot be used at(More)
The mechanism of biomineralization of bone-like apatite on synthetic hydroxyapatite (HA) has been investigated in vitro, in which the HA surface was surveyed as a function of soaking time in simulated body fluid (SBF). In terms of surface structure by transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, the HA whose Ca/P atomic ratio(More)
Covalent coupling of sulfonic group (-SO 3H) was attempted on different polymers to evaluate efficacy of this functional group in inducing nucleation of apatite in body environment, and thereupon to design a simple biomimetic process for preparing bonelike apatite-polymer composites. Substrates of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polycaprolactam (Nylon 6),(More)
Hydrolysis and polycondensation of triethoxysilane end-capped Poly (tetramethylene oxide) (Si-PTMO), tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), tetraisopropyltitanate (TiPT) and calcium nitrate (Ca(NO(3))(2)) gave transparent monolithics of PTMO-modified CaO-SiO(2)-TiO(2) hybrids. The samples with (TiPT)/(TEOS+TiPT) molar ratios from 0 to 0.20 under constant ratio of(More)
Recently, various inorganic antibacterial materials containing silver have been developed and some of them are in commercial use. Colorless and more chemically durable materials which slowly release the silver ion for a long period are, however, desirable to be developed for medical applications such as composite resin for dental restoration. In the present(More)
Various types of inorganic substances doped with silver ions have been developed as antibacterial materials, and some have already been commercialized. Colorless and chemically durable materials that slowly release silver ions are, however, still need to be developed. The present authors have previously shown that when a silica glass doped with silver and(More)