Masakazu Ar Kobayashi

Learn More
UNLABELLED The predictive role of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) remains elusive in the long-term outcome of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). The progression of PBC was evaluated in association with ANAs using stepwise Cox proportional hazard regression and an unconditional stepwise logistic regression model based on the data of 276 biopsy-proven, definite(More)
BACKGROUND The usefulness of thin-slice multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) has been highly expected to assess the lumens of coronary artery stents. We evaluated the usefulness of 16-slice MDCT to assess the in-stent lumen after coronary artery stenting. METHODS In 42 consecutive patients after coronary artery stenting, retrospective ECG-gated(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE The prognosis of cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after vascular reconstructive surgery, including extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass, is not poor unless intracerebral hemorrhage develops secondary to hyperperfusion. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 48-year-old man with symptomatic moyamoya disease with misery perfusion in the right(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 963 Japanese individuals (487 PBC cases and 476 healthy controls) and in a subsequent replication study that included 1,402 other Japanese individuals (787 cases and 615 controls). In addition to the most significant(More)
The edible mushroom Lentinula edodes (shiitake) contains many bioactive compounds. In the present study, we cultivated L. edodes mycelia in solid medium and examined the hot-water extract (L.E.M.) for its suppressive effect on concanavalin A (ConA)-induced liver injury in mice. ConA injection into the tail vein caused a great increase in the serum aspartate(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to determine whether the preoperative measurement of acetazolamide-induced changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF), which is performed using single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scanning, can be used to identify patients at risk for hyperperfusion following carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In addition, the(More)
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a potent proinflammatory cytokine which is strongly associated with the development of diabetes in NOD mice. To test the putative involvement of IL-18 gene polymorphism in predisposition to human type 1 diabetes, the SNPs at position -607 (C/A) and -137 (G/C) in the promoter region of IL-18 gene were analyzed by sequence-specific(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but serious complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of the present study was to determine whether intraoperative blood flow velocity (BFV) monitoring in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) by using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) could be used as a reliable technique to(More)
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an acquired autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease against hemidesmosomal cytoplasmic BP230 and transmembrane BP180 proteins. Epitope mapping studies have shown that the membrane-proximal noncollagenous (NC) 16a domain of BP180 harbors clusters of antigenic sites recognized by the vast majority of BP sera. In this study, we(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether preoperative cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) to acetazolamide measured by quantitative brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) predicts development of cerebral ischemic lesions on postoperative diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) that are caused by microemboli(More)