Masakatsu Yamashita

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The administration of concanavalin A (Con A) induces a rapid severe injury of hepatocytes in mice. Although the Con A-induced hepatitis is considered to be an experimental model of human autoimmune hepatitis, the precise cellular and molecular mechanisms that induce hepatocyte injury remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that Valpha14 NKT cells are required(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) and trithorax group (TrxG) complexes exert opposing effects on the maintenance of the transcriptional status of the developmentally regulated Hox genes. In this study, we show that activation of STAT6 induces displacement of the PcG complex by the TrxG complex at the upstream region of the gene encoding GATA3, a transcription factor(More)
Murine V ␣ 14 natural killer T (NKT) cells are thought to play a crucial role in various immune responses, including infectious, allergic, and autoimmune diseases. Because V ␣ 14 NKT cells produce large amounts of both interleukin (IL)-4 and interferon (IFN)-␥ upon in vivo stimulation with a specific ligand, ␣-galactosylceramide (␣-GalCer), or after(More)
There is increasing evidence that nutrient-sensing machinery is critically involved in the regulation of aging. The insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling pathway is the best-characterized pathway with an influence on longevity in a variety of organisms, ranging from yeast to rodents. Reduced expression of the receptor for this pathway has been(More)
The maintenance of memory T cells is central to the establishment of immunological memory, although molecular details of the process are poorly understood. In the absence of the polycomb group (PcG) gene Bmi1, the number of memory CD4(+) T helper (Th)1/Th2 cells was reduced significantly. Enhanced cell death of Bmi1(-/-) memory Th2 cells was observed both(More)
The activation of downstream signaling pathways of both T cell receptor (TCR) and interleukin 4 receptor (IL-4R) is essential for T helper type 2 (Th2) cell development, which is central to understanding immune responses against helminthic parasites and in allergic and autoimmune diseases. However, little is known about how these two distinct signaling(More)
Schnurri (Shn) is a large zinc finger protein implicated in cell growth, signal transduction, and lymphocyte development. Vertebrates possess at least three Shn orthologues (Shn-1, Shn-2, and Shn-3), which appear to act within the bone morphogenetic protein, transforming growth factor beta, and activin signaling pathways. However, the physiological(More)
Murine Valpha14 natural killer T (NKT) cells are thought to play a crucial role in various immune responses, including infectious, allergic, and autoimmune diseases. Because Valpha14 NKT cells produce large amounts of both interleukin (IL)-4 and interferon (IFN)-gamma upon in vivo stimulation with a specific ligand, alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer),(More)
Evolutionarily conserved Notch signaling controls cell fate determination and differentiation during development, and is also essential for neovascularization in adults. Although recent studies suggest that the Notch pathway is associated with age-related conditions, it remains unclear whether Notch signaling is involved in vascular aging. Here we show that(More)
Stat3 signaling is essential for the induction of RORγt and subsequent Th17 cell differentiation. However, the downstream targets of Stat3 for RORγt expression remain largely unknown. We show here that a novel isoform of Sox5, named Sox5t, is induced in Th17 cells in a Stat3-dependent manner. In vivo, T cell-specific Sox5-deficient mice exhibit impaired(More)