Masaji Tamagawa

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Recently it has been postulated that mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) (mitoK(ATP)) channels rather than sarcolemmal K(ATP) (sarcK(ATP)) channels are important as end effectors and/or triggers of ischemic preconditioning (IPC). To define the pathophysiological significance of sarcK(ATP) channels, we conducted functional experiments using Kir6.2-deficient(More)
BACKGROUND Women have longer QTc intervals than men and are at greater risk for arrhythmias associated with long QTc intervals, such as drug-induced torsade de pointes. Recent clinical and experimental data suggest an important role of testosterone in sex-related differences in ventricular repolarization. However, studies on effects of testosterone on ionic(More)
1. We investigated the effects of JTV-519 (4-[3-(4-benzylpiperidin-1-yl)propionyl]-7-methoxy-2,3,4, 5-tetrahydro-1,4-benzothiazepine monohydrochloride), a novel cardioprotective drug, on the repolarizing K(+) currents in guinea-pig atrial cells by use of patch-clamp techniques. We also evaluated the effects of JTV-519 on experimental atrial fibrillation(More)
Female gender is a risk factor for drug-induced arrhythmias associated with QT prolongation, which results mostly from blockade of the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) channel. Some clinical evidence suggests that oestrogen is a determinant of the gender-differences in drug-induced QT prolongation and baseline QT(C) intervals. Although the chronic(More)
BACKGROUND We recently demonstrated that the sarcolemmal ATP-sensitive potassium (sarcK(ATP)) channel plays a key role in cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injuries in Kir6.2-knockout (KO) mice. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of diazoxide, a mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channel opener, on ischemia-induced(More)
It is well known that amiodarone is effective for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. However, effects of amiodarone on the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor-operated K+ current (IK.ACh), which plays an important role in the repolarization of atrial action potential, have not been evaluated. This study was undertaken to determine whether amiodarone(More)
-ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels were discovered in ventricular cells, but their roles in the heart remain mysterious. K(ATP) channels have also been found in numerous other tissues, including vascular smooth muscle. Two pore-forming subunits, Kir6.1 and Kir6.2, contribute to the diversity of K(ATP) channels. To determine which subunits are(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that increases the risk of stroke and heart failure. Here, we have shown that mast cells, key mediators of allergic and immune responses, are critically involved in AF pathogenesis in stressed mouse hearts. Pressure overload induced mast cell infiltration and fibrosis in the atrium and enhanced AF(More)
In order to understand the physiological role of endogenous insulin or glucagon in somatostatin release, isolated rat pancreatic islets were treated with antiinsulin or antiglucagon antiserum in the presence of physiological amounts of glucose. The release of somatostatin was unchanged by treatment with antiinsulin antiserum which neutralized insulin(More)
OBJECTIVE While atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been shown to be released mainly from cardiac muscle cells in response to atrial distension, the regulatory mechanisms of ANP secretion are still not fully understood. We sought to determine whether the ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channel modulates the secretion of ANP, using mice with homozygous knockout(More)