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The tumor suppressor PTEN dephosphorylates focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and inhibits integrin-mediated cell spreading and cell migration. We demonstrate here that expression of PTEN selectively inhibits activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. PTEN expression in glioblastoma cells lacking(More)
Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C and that of its receptors were assessed in non-small cell lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry revealed positive VEGF-C expression in 38.7% (24/62) of the patients studied. A significant positive correlation was found between VEGF-C in cancer cells and VEGF receptor-3 (VEGFR-3) in vascular endothelial(More)
Cell migration is modulated by regulatory molecules such as growth factors, oncogenes, and the tumor suppressor PTEN. We previously described inhibition of cell migration by PTEN and restoration of motility by focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and p130 Crk-associated substrate (p130(Cas)). We now report a novel pathway regulating random cell motility involving(More)
Human central neurocytoma cells were cultured and characterized immunophenotypically and electrophysiologically to clarify their developmental potential. We conducted systematic in vitro studies utilizing fresh tissues from three patients. Initially small homogeneous cell clusters settled down onto the bottom of the culture flasks, and, after 2 weeks from(More)
Recently, nitric oxide (NO) has been believed to act as a neuronal messenger to mediate penile erection. In the present study using human penile tissue, we investigated the coexistence of neuronal NO synthase (NOS), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) by a triple staining method using NADPH diaphorase (ND) staining, a(More)
The effects of a TRH-analog, N[[(3R,6R)-6-methyl-5-oxo-3-thiomorpholinyl]carbonyl]-L-histidyl-L - prolinamide tetrahydrate (NS-3, CG3703, montirelin hydrate) were compared with those of physostigmine on learning and memory disruption in the passive avoidance response (PAR) induced by either electrolytic lesion of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) or(More)
We previously reported that serum interleukin-12 (IL-12) levels were significantly increased in patients with hyperthyroid Graves' disease and in normal subjects after administration of thyroid hormone. In the present study, we investigated which cells produce IL-12 and the interactions between IL-12 and thyroid hormones, using a hyperthyroid mouse model.(More)
Previous studies have suggested that the deterioration of renal function increases the risk of major adverse clinical events not only in culprit lesions but also in non-culprit lesions (NCLs) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study evaluated serial coronary plaque change of NCL in patients with different stages of chronic kidney disease(More)
WNT signaling mediates various physiological and pathological processes. We previously showed that WNT10A is a novel angio/stromagenic factor involved in such processes as tumor growth, wound healing and tissue fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the role of WNT10A in promoting the fibrosis that is central to the pathology of acute interstitial(More)