Masahito Shimizu

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BACKGROUND Use of the conventional Western and Japanese classification systems of gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia results in large differences among pathologists in the diagnosis of oesophageal, gastric, and colorectal neoplastic lesions. AIM To develop common worldwide terminology for gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia. METHODS Thirty one(More)
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) has emerged as a powerful new tool in a variety of organisms. An engineered sGFP(S65T) sequence containing optimized codons of highly expressed eukaryotic proteins has provided up to 100-fold brighter fluorescence signals than the original jellyfish GFP sequence in plant and mammalian cells. It would be useful to establish a(More)
Maintenance of telomeres is implicated in chromosome stabilization and cell immortalization. Telomerase, which catalyzes de novo synthesis of telomeres, is activated in germ cells and most cancers. Telomerase activity is regulated by gene expression for its catalytic subunit, TERT, whereas several lines of evidence have suggested a post-translational(More)
The crystal structure of a DNA-binding domain of PHO4 complexed with DNA at 2.8 A resolution revealed that the domain folds into a basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) motif with a long but compact loop that contains a short alpha-helical segment. This helical structure positions a tryptophan residue into an aromatic cluster so as to make the loop compact. PHO4(More)
Total and free insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels were quantified in plasma from growth hormone (GH)-treated and fasted coho salmon. Total IGF-I was measured by radioimmunoassay after acid-ethanol extraction and free IGF-I was separated from protein-bound IGF-I using ultrafiltration by centrifugation. Total and free IGF-I increased in plasma after(More)
Kisspeptin, a peptide encoded by the Kiss1 gene, has been considered as a potential candidate for a factor triggering the onset of puberty, and its expression in the hypothalamus was found to increase during peripubertal period in rodent models. The present study aimed to clarify the oestrogenic regulation of peripubertal changes in Kiss1 mRNA expression in(More)
Dental enamel forms by matrix-mediated biomineralization. The components of the developing enamel matrix are generally specific for that matrix. The primary structures of three enamel proteins-amelogenin, tuftelin, and sheathlin (ameloblastin/amelin)-have been derived from cDNA sequences. Here we report the cloning and characterization of mRNA encoding a(More)
Sheath proteins designate low-molecular-weight non-amelogenin enamel polypeptides and their parent protein, which concentrate in the sheath space separating rod and inter-rod enamel (Uchida et al., 1995). Two porcine sheath proteins, with apparent molecular weights of 13 and 15 kDa, are characterized by protein sequencing. The primary structures of these(More)
We found that an extract of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi markedly reduced the MICs of beta-lactam antibiotics, such as oxacillin and cefmetazole, against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. We isolated the effective compound and identified it as corilagin. Corilagin reduced the MICs of various beta-lactams by 100- to 2,000-fold but not the MICs of other(More)
Western ligand blotting of salmon serum typically reveals three insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins (IGFBPs) at 22, 28 and 41 kDa. Physiologic regulation of the 22 kDa IGFBP is similar to that of mammalian IGFBP-1; it is increased in catabolic states such as fasting and stress. On the other hand, its molecular mass on Western ligand blotting(More)