Masahito Nunomaki

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Peripheral and central glial activation plays an important role in development of pain hypersensitivity induced by inflammation and nerve injury. However, the involvement of glial cells in cancer pain is not well understood. The present study evaluated the peripheral and central glial activation and the effect of an inhibitor of glial activation,(More)
Recent evidence implicates endothelin in nociception, but it is unclear how endothelin activates trigeminal ganglion (TRG) neurons. In the present study, we investigated the expression of the endothelin receptors ETA and ETB and endothelin-induced responses in rat TRG neurons. Double-immunofluorescence studies demonstrated that ETA and ETB were expressed in(More)
PURPOSE Hypoxia is a major complication in dental patients under intravenous sedation (IVS). A nasal high-flow (NHF) system has been reported to achieve effective oxygenation in patients with sleep apnea syndrome. This study investigated the ability of the NHF system to prevent hypoxia in dental patients under IVS. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty patients(More)
Although recent evidence suggests that central glial hyperactivation is involved in cancer-induced persistent pain, the time course of this hyperactivation and the glial contribution to pain hypersensitivity remain unclear. The present study investigated the time-dependent spatial changes of microglial and astrocytic hyperactivation in the trigeminocervical(More)
PURPOSE Venipuncture is often accompanied by pain, which can compromise dental care and foment distrust toward dental care providers. The aim of the present study was to identify sites on the forearm and hand that have the greatest pain tolerance threshold (PTT) during venipuncture. MATERIALS AND METHODS The PTT was estimated in 20 healthy volunteers(More)
Takayasu arteritis is a rare chronic progressive panendarteritis involving the aorta and its main branches. Anesthesia in patients with this disease can be complicated by severe uncontrolled hypertension, end-organ dysfunction, and stenosis of major blood vessels. In this case, general anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane and remifentanil without(More)
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