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The olfactory receptor (OR) genes represent the largest multigene family in the genome of terrestrial vertebrates. Here, the high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) approach was applied to characterization of OR gene repertoires in the green anole lizard Anolis carolinensis and the Japanese four-lined ratsnake Elaphe quadrivirgata. Tagged(More)
The usage of reovirus has reached phase II and III clinical trials in human cancers. However, this is the first study to report the oncolytic effects of reovirus in veterinary oncology, focusing on canine mast cell tumor (MCT), the most common cutaneous tumor in dogs. As human and canine cancers share many similarities, we hypothesized that the oncolytic(More)
Beta amyloid (Aβ) deposits are seen in aged individuals in many of the mammalian species that possess the same Aβ amino acid sequence as humans. Conversely, neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), the other hallmark lesion of Alzheimer's disease (AD), are extremely rare in these animals. We detected Aβ deposits in the brains of Tsushima leopard cats (Prionailurus(More)
The Sun continuously expels a huge amount of ionized material into interplanetary space as the solar wind. Despite its influence on the heliospheric environment, the origin of the solar wind has yet to be well identified. In this paper, we report Hinode X-ray Telescope observations of a solar active region. At the edge of the active region, located adjacent(More)
The calculation of the Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy of hydration of ammonia, methylamine, dimethylamine, trimethylamine, water, methanol, dimethyl ether, hydrogen sulfide, methanthiol, and dimethylsulfide is presented to illustrate the usefulness of the enthalpy and entropy of solvation in studying microscopic phenomena affecting the(More)
Cryptosporidium andersoni and Cryptosporidium muris infections have been found in the mice and/or cattle. The oocysts of C. andersoni and C. muris have been sporadically detected in human feces, but the infectious capacity and features have been unknown, because of the scarcity of reports involving human infections. To assess the infectivity and the(More)
Sunspot penumbrae consist of many fine-scale radial filaments. Their fine-scale structures reflect complex magnetic field structures in penumbrae: azimuthal fluctuations of the penumbral magnetic field inclination and field strength are well observed at the scale of the intensity fluctuations. A systematic outward flow called Evershed flow is closely(More)
The formation and evolution process and magnetic configuration of solar prominences remain unclear. In order to study the formation process of prominences , we examine continuous observations of a prominence in NOAA AR 10953 with the Solar Optical Telescope on the Hinode satellite. As reported in our previous Letter, we find a signature suggesting that a(More)
Chlamydia pecorum (designated 22-58) was isolated in 2010 in HmLu-1 cells from the jejunum of a calf which died of necrotizing enterocolitis in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Immunohistochemical staining identified C. pecorum positive reactions in the jejunal villi. C. pecorum, designated 24-100, was isolated from the feces of a calf with diarrhea in another(More)
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