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The association between circulating adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) levels and coronary artery disease (CAD) is reported. We assessed whether plasma A-FABP levels are associated with angiographic coronary lesion morphology in patients with stable CAD. Serum A-FABP levels were analyzed in 115 patients with stable CAD (mean age 69 ± 10 years; 80(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined whether early loading of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) reduces clinical adverse events by 1 month, accompanied by a decrease in C-reactive protein (CRP) values in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Acute MI triggers an inflammatory reaction, which plays an important role in myocardial injury. EPA could attenuate(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with cardiovascular events. Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) plays an important role in atherosclerosis. We investigated whether plasma A-FABP is involved in renal function in patients with stable angina pectoris. METHODS A total of 221 patients with significant coronary artery stenosis(More)
BACKGROUND Early initiation of EPA treatment in combination with a statin within 24h after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) reduces inflammation and ventricular arrhythmia compared with statin monotherapy; however, the impact of early initiation of EPA treatment on cardiovascular events is unclear.(More)
Using high-resolution intravital charge-coupled device video microscopy, we visualized the epicardial capillary network of the beating canine heart in vivo to elucidate its functional role under control conditions, during reactive hyperemia (RH), and during intracoronary adenosine administration. The pencil-lens video-microscope probe was placed over(More)
OBJECTIVE Secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5) is an anti-inflammatory adipokine that is associated with insulin resistance in animals. To extend these observations to humans, we investigated the association of serum SFRP5 levels in subjects with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS Subjects (n=185, 68±11 years, 79% male) suspected of(More)
We evaluated the effect of alacepril, CV-11974, and spironolactone on the production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with angiotensin (Ang) II. Alacepril, CV-11974, and spironolactone significantly reduced the enhanced production of(More)
The phase opposition of velocity waveforms between coronary arteries (predominantly diastolic) and veins (systolic) is the most prominent characteristic of coronary hemodynamics. This unique arterial and venous flow patterns indicate the importance of intramyocardial capacitance vessels and variable resistance vessels during a cardiac cycle. It was shown(More)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) causes right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy and, according to the extent of pressure overload, eventual heart failure. We tested the hypothesis that the mechanical stress in PH-RV impairs the vasoreactivity of the RV coronary microvessels of different sizes with increased superoxide levels. Five-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
Previously, we reported that spironolactone reduced cytokine production in cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with angiotensin (Ang) II stimulation. To address the mechanisms underlying this effect, we examined the contribution of aldosterone to cytokine production in cultured human PBMCs with Ang II stimulation. PBMCs expressed the(More)