Masahito Ito

Learn More
A dramatic increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) occurs in eggs at fertilization common to all animal species examined to date, and this serves as a pivotal signal for egg activation characterized by resumption of meiotic cell division and formation of the pronuclei. In mammalian eggs, repetitive [Ca(2+)](i) rises (Ca(2+)(More)
Mouse phospholipase C, zeta 1 (PLCZ1), a strong candidate of egg-activating sperm factor, induces Ca(2+) oscillations and accumulates into formed pronucleus (PN) when expressed by cRNA injection. These activities were compared among mouse and human PLCZ1, newly cloned rat Plcz1, and medaka fish plcz1. The PLCZ1 proteins of the four species have an(More)
Membrane fusion is an essential step in the encounter of two nuclei from sex cells-sperm and egg-in fertilization. However, aside from the involvement of two molecules, CD9 and Izumo, the mechanism of fusion remains unclear. Here, we show that sperm-egg fusion is mediated by vesicles containing CD9 that are released from the egg and interact with sperm. We(More)
Phospholipase C-zeta (PLCzeta), a strong candidate of the egg-activating sperm factor, causes intracellular Ca2+ oscillations and egg activation, and is subsequently accumulated into the pronucleus (PN), when expressed in mouse eggs by injection of RNA encoding PLCzeta. Changes in the localization of expressed PLCzeta were investigated by tagging with a(More)
We propose a method to detect the model, location and activity of a conventional home electric appliance. Waveforms of current consumed by appliances vary according to their configurations and activity. We define feature parameters for detecting the status of appliances. A current detector, microcomputer and transmitter are equipped in a power outlet in(More)
Several lines of epidemiological evidence have suggested that non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is closely associated with obesity in humans. However, the precise mechanisms of the progression of NASH and its key metabolic abnormalities remain to be elucidated. We found that long-term high-fat diet (HFD) exposure induces NASH, with excess body weight,(More)
Phospholipase C-zeta (PLCzeta), a strong candidate of the egg-activating sperm factor, causes long-lasting series of Ca2+ spikes and thereby egg activation when expressed in mouse eggs by injection of cRNA. PLCzeta moves into the formed pronucleus (PN), and Ca2+ spikes disappear at PN stage. Relationship between nuclear transLocation of PLCzeta and(More)
Sperm-specific phospholipase C-zeta (PLCzeta) causes intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations and thereby egg activation and is accumulated into the formed pronucleus (PN) when expressed in mouse eggs by injection of cRNA encoding PLCzeta, which consists of four EF-hand domains (EF1-EF4) in the N terminus, X and Y catalytic domains, and C-terminal C2 domain. Those(More)
The ability of HIV-1 to evolve resistance to antiretroviral drugs leads to treatment failure. By nucleotide sequencing of HIV-1 subtype B isolates, amino acids responsible for drug resistance have been identified. Less information is available, however, on the extent and distribution of these amino acids in HIV-1 nonsubtype B viruses circulating mainly in(More)
Although numerous studies have shown a higher risk of acquiring HIV infection in the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases, the biologic mechanisms responsible for enhanced HIV acquisition are unclear. Because Langerhans cells (LCs) are suspected to be the initial HIV targets after sexual exposure, we studied whether microbial components augment(More)