Masahisa Maeno

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The biological effects of endogenous bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4), a member of the transforming growth factor beta family, on embryonic development of Xenopus laevis were investigated by using a functionally defective mutant of the BMP-4 receptor (delta mTFR11), which blocks the BMP signaling pathway. Injection of delta mTFR11 RNA into either the(More)
This study analyzes the expression and the function of Xenopus msx-1 (Xmsx-1) in embryos, in relation to the ventralizing activity of bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4). Expression of Xmsx-1 was increased in UV-treated ventralized embryos and decreased in LiCl-treated dorsalized embryos at the neurula stage (stage 14). Whole-mount in situ hybridization(More)
In order to study the function of tyrosine kinase receptors during Xenopus development, we have isolated Xek (Xenopus Elk-like kinase), a tyrosine kinase receptor, which shows significant homology to rat Elk and chicken cek5, members of the Eph family. Xek exists as a maternally expressed mRNA which decreases in expression at the mid blastula transition and(More)
This paper attempted to assess impacts of existing Japanese EPAs in their initial years and to draw policy implications for possible future FTAs/EPAs. Our gravity model estimations as well as detailed analysis on trade and actual tariff reduction by EPAs demonstrated that the Japan-Singapore EPA has almost no direct impact on trade since actual reduction of(More)
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