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The heparan sulfate on the surface of all adherent cells modulates the actions of a large number of extracellular ligands. Members of both cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan families, the transmembrane syndecans and the glycosylphosphoinositide-linked glypicans, bind these ligands and enhance formation of their receptor-signaling complexes. These(More)
A comparative analysis was carried out of heparan sulfate (HS) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) chains of the ectodomains of hybrid type transmembrane proteoglycans, syndecan-1 and -4, synthesized simultaneously by normal murine mammary gland epithelial cells. Although the HS chains were structurally indistinguishable, intriguingly the CS chains were(More)
Syndecan-1, present on the surfaces of normal murine mammary gland epithelial cells, is a transmembrane hybrid proteoglycan, which bears glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side chains of heparan sulfate (HS) and chondroitin sulfate (CS). Purified syndecan-1 ectodomains were analyzed for disaccharide composition and the GAG-protein linkage region after digestion with(More)
PURPOSE In this study, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy techniques were used to examine whether versican, which is known to bind fibrillin-1, interacts with fibrillin-1 in the ciliary body and vitreous, and whether the versican in this complex binds to hyaluronan. METHODS The new polyclonal antibodies against(More)
We have isolated and sequenced cDNA clones that encode the core protein of PG-M-like proteoglycan produced by cultured mouse aortic endothelial cells (Morita, H., Takeuchi, T., Suzuki, S., Maeda, K., Yamada, K., Eguchi, G., and Kimata, K. (1990) Biochem. J. 265, 61-68). A homology search of the cDNA sequence has suggested that the core protein is a mouse(More)
We showed previously that the alternative splicing of chondroitin sulfate attachment domains (CS alpha and CS beta) yielded multiforms of the PG-M core protein in mouse. A transcript encoding a new short form of the core protein PG-M(V3) was found in various mouse tissues using polymerase chain reaction. DNA sequences of the polymerase chain reaction(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the chemical toxicity of indocyanine green (ICG). METHODS Surface active and precipitating effects of ICG were quantitatively analyzed by determining bovine serum albumin dissolved or precipitated in the presence or absence of salt solutions. The effects of precipitation on serum and cytotoxicity were evaluated by measuring the(More)
PG-Lb is a chondroitin/dermatan sulphate proteoglycan first isolated from chick embryo limb cartilage. It had been assumed that osteoglycin represents its mammalian homologue. However, partial amino acid sequences of a novel proteoglycan from bovine epiphyseal cartilage showed high identity with those of chick PG-Lb (P. Neame, L. Rosenberg and M. Höök,(More)
Nasal swabs of 293 calves were examined for Mycoplasma. The samples were collected from calves affected with respiratory diseases on 71 farms in various parts of Japan between 1996 and 1997. Mycoplasma bovirhinis was isolated from 47 of 293 calves (16.0%). Mycoplasma alkalescens, M. bovis, M. arginini, M. bovigenitalium and Acholeplasma spp. were isolated(More)
Infliximab, a monoclonal antibody directed against human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), effectively treats anterior uveitis, which can accompany Behçet's disease. Here, we investigated the underlying mechanism of this action. We examined human, non-pigmented ciliary epithelial cells (HNPCECs), which make up the blood-aqueous barrier (BAB) in the uvea.(More)