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To examine the role of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) during tumor development and/or progression, we looked for correlations between metastasis of breast cancer to a regional lymph node(s) and LOH of chromosomal arms 11p, 13q, 16q, 17p, and 17q, where frequent losses in primary tumors have been detected. No correlation between lymph node metastasis and LOH(More)
The prognostic significance of clinicopathologic factors in colorectal cancer was evaluated in a multivariate analysis. The most important independent factor affecting survival was stage (depth of penetration through the bowel wall and the presence of positive lymph nodes). All other clinicopathologic factors were of less importance than stage in(More)
Neurogenic tumors were selectively induced in high incidence in F344 rats by a single transplacental exposure to the direct-acting alkylating agent N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (EtNU). We prepared DNA for transfection of NIH 3T3 cells from primary glial tumors of the brain and from schwannomas of the cranial and spinal nerves that developed in the transplacentally(More)
A 12-year-old girl, suffering from xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), had mild cutaneous and neurological abnormalities. She showed no neurological abnormalities at the age of seven, but areflexia of the patellar tendons at II. She had no malignant tumours. The skin fibroblasts from the patient were about twice as sensitive to the lethal effects of 254 nm(More)
BACKGROUND The authors studied the clinical usefulness of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of a numerical aberration of chromosomes (aneusomy) using fine-needle aspiration (FNA) samples from patients with breast tumors in the preoperative diagnosis of breast carcinoma. METHODS FNA samples were obtained from 176 breast tumors and were(More)
To study genetic alterations related to the development and/or progression of breast carcinoma, we examined amplification of the ERBB2, INT2, and MYC genes, as well as loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at loci on 11p, 16q, 17p (D17S5 and TP53), 17q (D17S74 and NME1), and 18q by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The subjects were 26 patients with(More)
The thymidylate synthase gene (TYMS) has three functional polymorphisms which are associated with TYMS expression. To explore the predictability of TYMS polymorphisms for the sensitivity and toxicity of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in breast cancer patients, this study investigated the association between TYMS polymorphisms and TYMS protein expression in normal(More)
Monoclonal anti-proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA PC10), which is directed against a 36 kDa auxiliary protein for DNA polymerase delta specific for the S-phase of cell cycle, was used to measure tumour cell proliferation in 4 lactating breasts and 98 benign and malignant breast tumours. The percentage of PCNA-positive cells determined by point(More)
Using 40 tumor cell strains derived from various organs of Japanese tumor patients and also 12 normal cell strains, we have measured the activity of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MT), which can repair O6-methylguanine produced in DNA by alkylating agents. Then, the lethal sensitivities of the strains to the anti-tumor drug(More)
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease characterized by hamartomatous polyposis involving the entire bowel. Recently STK11, a gene bearing a mutation responsible for PJS, was isolated. We investigated the entire coding region of STK11 in 15 unrelated PJS families by the PCR-SSCP (polymerase chain reaction-single strand(More)