Masahiro Tanaka

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China has one of the highest carrier prevalences of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the world: nearly 10% of the general population. The disease burden of HBV infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is also believed to be among the world's largest, and that of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is likely to be substantial as well. However, the epidemiology(More)
We have implemented an unbiased cell morphology-based screen to identify small-molecule modulators of cellular processes using the Cytometrix (TM) automated imaging and analysis system. This assay format provides unbiased analysis of morphological effects induced by small molecules by capturing phenotypic readouts of most known classes of pharmacological(More)
CONTEXT Reported cases of pertussis among adolescents and adults have increased since the 1980s, despite increasingly high rates of vaccination among infants and children. However, severe pertussis morbidity and mortality occur primarily among infants. OBJECTIVE To describe the trends and characteristics of reported cases of pertussis among infants(More)
Twenty-three chlorovirus genes expressed in host cells as early as 5-10 min postinfection (p.i.), or immediate early, were isolated and characterized. Some showed significant homology with those for transcriptional factors and mRNA-processing proteins including TFIIB, helicases, mRNA capping enzyme, nucleolin, and bean transcription factor. Others code for(More)
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) inhibits the progression of disc degeneration in animal models. We know of no study to determine the optimal number of cells to transplant into the degenerated intervertebral disc (IVD). To determine the optimal donor cell number for maximum benefit, we conducted an in vivo study using a canine disc(More)
To characterize the temporal trends of stomach cancer mortality in Eastern Asia and to better interpret the causes of the trends, we performed age, period and cohort analysis (APC analysis) on the mortality rates in Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore during 1950-2004, as well as the rates in the US as a control population. For the APC analysis, Holford's(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prognosis of our series of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and tumor thrombus involving inferior vena cava (IVC) treated with nephrectomy and thrombectomy. METHODS In 46 patients with unilateral RCC extending into IVC who underwent nephrectomy and thrombectomy (T3b in 38 patients, T3c in 6, T4 in 2, N+ in 15, M1 in 21),(More)
Hyaluronan synthesis in chlorovirus PBCV-1-infected Chlorella cells was previously reported (DeAngelis et al., 1997). In contrast, we report here on the detection, characterization, and expression of a gene for chitin synthase (chs) encoded by chlorovirus CVK2 isolated in Kyoto, Japan. The CVK2 chs gene encoding an open reading frame of 516 aa was expressed(More)
Previous studies on the biological assessment of cigarette smoke (CS) mainly focused on the total particulate matter (TPM) collected using a Cambridge filter or gas vapor phase (GVP) bubbled through phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). To study the effects of native CS in vitro, direct exposure methods have been developed. Meanwhile, in vitro micronucleus (MN)(More)