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The effect of energy malnutrition on survival in patients with non-alcoholic viral liver cirrhosis has not been well defined. We characterized energy metabolism at study entrance and prospectively analyzed its effect on subsequent survival in cirrhotics. One hundred nine consecutive patients with viral liver cirrhosis and 22 healthy control subjects(More)
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common manifestation in cirrhotic patients with reported incidences as high as 65-90%. PEM affects largely the patients' quality of life and survival. Thus, diagnosis of and intervention for PEM is important in the clinical management of liver cirrhosis. Supplementation with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) is(More)
For the diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) alone does not reveal the complete pathology, such as the degree of malignancy, and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) has been reported to be more useful. Recently, most cases initially diagnosed as leiomyosarcomas have received further study with(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is the standard procedure for treatment of colorectal tumors. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can be performed for resection of larger tumors, but has not been studied in the colorectum because of technical difficulties and complications. We compared outcomes and complications after resection of(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM Malignancy in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) is graded by assessing the resected specimens according to the World Health Organization (WHO) 2010 criteria. The feasibility of such grading using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) specimens remains unclear. The aim of this study was to ascertain the(More)
Restorative proctocolectomy has become the most common surgical option for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). However, adenomas may develop in the ileal pouch mucosa over time, and even carcinoma in the pouch has been reported. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence, nature, and etiology of ileal pouch and nonpouch adenomas and carcinoma in(More)
Five patients with obstructive jaundice caused by malignant periampullary biliary stenosis underwent EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) from the first portion of the duodenum using a convex echoendoscope and a needle knife. All the steps of the procedure including passage dilatation and the plastic stent placement were performed through the(More)
OBJECTIVES Endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) has recently been reported as an alternative to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in cases of biliary obstruction, when endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) is unsuccessful. However, prospective studies of EUS-CDS have not yet been performed. We conducted a prospective(More)
A prospective clinical study was conducted to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided choledochoduodenostomy (CDS) with direct metallic stent placement using a prototype forward-viewing echoendoscope. The indication for EUS - CDS in this study was lower biliary obstruction only, and not failed endoscopic biliary(More)
Although the pathogenesis of osteopenia in Crohn’s disease is not established, vitamin D deficiency is thought to be an important risk factor. However, little is known about the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with Crohn’s disease in Japan. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with Crohn’s disease in(More)