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BACKGROUND For the diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) alone does not reveal the complete pathology, such as the degree of malignancy, and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) has been reported to be more useful. Recently, most cases initially diagnosed as leiomyosarcomas have received further study with(More)
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common manifestation in cirrhotic patients with reported incidences as high as 65-90%. PEM affects largely the patients' quality of life and survival. Thus, diagnosis of and intervention for PEM is important in the clinical management of liver cirrhosis. Supplementation with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) is(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is the standard procedure for treatment of colorectal tumors. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can be performed for resection of larger tumors, but has not been studied in the colorectum because of technical difficulties and complications. We compared outcomes and complications after resection of(More)
The effect of energy malnutrition on survival in patients with non-alcoholic viral liver cirrhosis has not been well defined. We characterized energy metabolism at study entrance and prospectively analyzed its effect on subsequent survival in cirrhotics. One hundred nine consecutive patients with viral liver cirrhosis and 22 healthy control subjects(More)
Five patients with obstructive jaundice caused by malignant periampullary biliary stenosis underwent EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) from the first portion of the duodenum using a convex echoendoscope and a needle knife. All the steps of the procedure including passage dilatation and the plastic stent placement were performed through the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Self-expandable metallic stents have mainly been used for the palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). However, their use in long-term survivors and the feasibility, safety and benefit of additional intervention for stent dysfunction remain controversial. The present study examined the long-term benefits of endoscopic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. However, little is known about the clinical presentation of GIST, especially small lesions. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for the(More)
BACKGROUND Although the pathogenesis of osteopenia in Crohn's disease is not established, vitamin D deficiency is thought to be an important risk factor. However, little is known about the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with Crohn's disease in Japan. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with Crohn's(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Side-branch intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (SB-IPMNs), and associated synchronous and metachronous pancreatic cancers are increasingly detected as imaging modalities become more sensitive. We investigated the natural history of SB-IPMN, and the incidence and characteristics of pancreatic cancers among patients undergoing(More)
The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of combination irinotecan and cetuximab chemotherapy in patients with pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer harboring wild-type KRAS. Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer that had progressed after chemotherapy with irinotecan, oxaliplatin, and fluoropyrimidine were included. KRAS(More)