Masahiro Tajika

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The effect of energy malnutrition on survival in patients with non-alcoholic viral liver cirrhosis has not been well defined. We characterized energy metabolism at study entrance and prospectively analyzed its effect on subsequent survival in cirrhotics. One hundred nine consecutive patients with viral liver cirrhosis and 22 healthy control subjects(More)
Smoking is a well-known risk factor for esophageal cancer. However, there are few reports that directly evaluate smoking as a prognostic factor for esophageal cancer. Moreover, scarce evidence is available on whether smoking interacts with major treatment modalities of esophageal cancer. In this study we retrospectively analyzed 364 patients with esophageal(More)
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common manifestation in cirrhotic patients with reported incidences as high as 65-90%. PEM affects largely the patients' quality of life and survival. Thus, diagnosis of and intervention for PEM is important in the clinical management of liver cirrhosis. Supplementation with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) is(More)
Serum biomarkers for the early detection of pancreatic cancer are not currently available. We evaluated the usefulness of a novel serum marker, REG4, in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, as compared to carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9. We collected pretherapeutic sera from 92 patients with pancreatic cancer, as well as sera from 28 patients with other(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of low-dose, enteric-coated aspirin tablets (100 mg/day for 2 years) on colorectal tumour recurrence in Asian patients with single/multiple colorectal tumours excised by endoscopy. DESIGN A double-blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled multicentre clinical trial was conducted. PARTICIPANTS 311 subjects with(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is the standard procedure for treatment of colorectal tumors. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can be performed for resection of larger tumors, but has not been studied in the colorectum because of technical difficulties and complications. We compared outcomes and complications after resection of(More)
Although the pathogenesis of osteopenia in Crohn’s disease is not established, vitamin D deficiency is thought to be an important risk factor. However, little is known about the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with Crohn’s disease in Japan. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with Crohn’s disease in(More)
OBJECTIVE A multicentre cohort follow-up study of a large number of patients with gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma was conducted to elucidate the long-term outcome of the disease after Helicobacter pylori eradication. METHODS 420 patients with gastric low-grade MALT lymphoma who had undergone successful H pylori eradication and(More)
For the diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) alone does not reveal the complete pathology, such as the degree of malignancy, and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) has been reported to be more useful. Recently, most cases initially diagnosed as leiomyosarcomas have received further study with(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation is involved in colon carcinogenesis. Although the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is defined as a subset of colorectal cancers (CRCs) with remarkably high levels of DNA methylation, it is not known whether epigenetic processes are also involved in CIMP-negative tumors. We analyzed the DNA methylation profiles of 94 CRCs and(More)