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This paper proposes a new search algorithm, denoted PN * , for AND/OR tree search. The algorithm is based on proof-number (PN) search, a best-first search algorithm, proposed by Allis et al. PN * combines several existing ideas. It transforms a best-first PN-search algorithm into an iterative-deepening depth-first approach. Moreover, it is enhanced by(More)
The CHADS2 score is useful in stratifying the risk of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it remains unclear whether the CHADS2 score could predict stroke or TIA in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients without AF. Recently, the new stroke risk score was proposed from 2(More)
An AND/OR graph represents the problem-solving process of reducing the given problem to more simple ones in a field of Artificial Intelligence. For the problems with enormous search space, it is important to avoid combinatorial explosions by useful heuristic functions. The AO* algorithm, which outputs the optimal solution in an AND/OR graph, is widely(More)
Nanoporous Au-Pt alloys with pore- and ligament size down to few nanometers were fabricated by dealloying Ag-Au-Pt. Owing to the small structure size and large specific surface area, the surface stress and its variation give rise to significant stress and strain in the bulk of these materials. In fact, dilatometry experiments find electrochemical actuation(More)
Pheochromocytoma crisis is a feared and potentially lethal complication associated with excess release of catecholamine from the tumor, which might lead to multiple organ failure (MOF). The definitive treatment for pheochromocytoma is surgical resection. To safely proceed with surgery, hemodynamic stabilization in the acute phase is indispensable, but it(More)
Liver dysfunction has a prognostic impact on the outcomes of patients with advanced heart failure (HF). The model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score is a robust system for rating liver dysfunction, and a high score has been shown to be associated with a poor prognosis in ambulatory patients with HF. In addition, cardiac metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG)(More)
AIMS Right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction has been shown to be an independent predictor of clinical outcome in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and cardiac metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging also provides prognostic information. We aimed to evaluate the long-term predictive value of combining RV systolic dysfunction and abnormal(More)
Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) are often treated with implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs). However, current criteria for device use that is based largely on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) lead to many patients receiving ICDs that never deliver therapy. It is of clinical significance to(More)
BACKGROUND The sympathetic nervous system provides an important trigger for major arrhythmic events through regional heterogeneity of sympathetic activity, which could be evaluated by SPECT imaging as the regional MIBG washout rate (WR). There is little information available on the prognostic value of regional WR in SPECT imaging for the prediction of(More)
BACKGROUND Although the mainstay of treatment for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is decongestion by diuretic therapy, it is often associated with worsening renal function (WRF). The effect of tolvaptan, a selective V2 receptor antagonist, on WRF in ADHF patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is unknown.Methods and(More)
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