Masahiro Sato

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are non-coding RNAs 18-25 nt in length, regulate a variety of biological processes, including vertebrate development. To identify new species of miRNA and to simultaneously obtain a comprehensive quantitative profile of small RNA expression in mouse embryos, we used the massively parallel signature sequencing technology that(More)
Puromycin N-acetyl transferase gene (pac), of which the gene product catalyzes antibiotic puromycin (an effective inhibitor of protein synthesis), has been widely used as a dominant selection marker in embryonic stem (ES) cell-mediated transgenesis. The present study is the first to report on the usefulness of puromycin for production of enhanced green(More)
N-Shc (neural Shc) (also ShcC), an adapter protein possessing two phosphotyrosine binding motifs [PTB (phosphotyrosine binding) and SH2 (Src homology 2) domains], is predominantly expressed in mature neurons of the CNS and transmits neurotrophin signals from the TrkB receptor to the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, leading to cellular(More)
BACKGROUND The Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) is a self-report, disease-specific, quality-of-life assessment tool. Good reliability and validity have been demonstrated with several language versions of the WORC. In this study, the WORC was translated into Japanese, and its reproducibility and validity for use in Japanese patients with rotator(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that skeletal muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) can give rise to several cell lineages after transplantation. However, the potential therapeutic uses of MDSCs, the functional significance of the transplanted tissue, and vasculogenesis, myogenesis, and reconstitution of other tissues have yet to be investigated in detail.(More)
Calcium plays a fundamental role as second messenger in intracellular signaling and bone serves as the body's calcium reserve to tightly maintain blood calcium levels. Calcium in ingested meal is the main supply and inadequate calcium intake causes osteoporosis and bone fracture. Here, we describe a novel mechanism of how ingested calcium is deposited on(More)
We have recently found that 3T3-L1 adipocytes secrete microvesicles, known as adipocyte-derived microvesicles (ADMs), with angiogenic activity. In this study, we found that ADMs contain RNA without typical 28S and 18S ribosomal RNA inside the vesicles. Microarray analysis revealed that ADMs contain approximately 7000 mRNAs and 140 microRNAs. Most of(More)
We developed a technique that simplifies the process of confirming homozygous transgenics at preimplantation stages, which are the earliest stages used in test breeding, using enhanced green fluorescent protein as a tag. All the blastocysts obtained by mating with the combination of Tg/Tg male (homozygous for transgene) x +/+ female exhibited fluorescence.
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) is a prominent growth factor for both angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Recent studies have shown the importance of VEGF-A in enhancing the growth of lymphatic endothelial cells in lymph nodes (LNs) and the migration of dendritic cells into LNs. VEGF-A is produced in inflamed tissues and/or in draining LNs,(More)
Artificial insemination (AI) by direct injection of epididymal spermatozoa into the reproductive tract of females is simpler and more convenient than in vitro fertilization (IVF) and subsequent transfer of fertilized eggs to recipient oviducts for simultaneous acquisition of a large number of pups. Introduction of epididymal spermatozoa into oviducts via(More)