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The mechanism of spinal cord injury has been thought to be related to the vulnerability of spinal motor neuron cells against ischemia. However, the mechanisms of such vulnerability are not fully understood. We investigated a possible mechanism of neuronal death by immunohistochemical analysis for DJ-1, PINK1, and alpha-Synuclein. We used a 15-min rabbit(More)
UNLABELLED Our frog brainstem preparation revealed mechanisms for the central control of breathing that are in many ways similar to those of mammals. Thus, the basic control mechanisms for air-breathing appear to have been present in the Devonian common ancestors of frogs and mammals and may be common to all lung-breathing vertebrates. LOCATION The in(More)
The effect of scopolamine and a cholinesterase inhibitor on long-term potentiation (LTP) of population spikes was studied in a guinea pig hippocampal slice preparation. After brief application of each drug (10 min), LTP in CA1 and CA3 was induced by tetanus stimulation delivered to commissural/associational fibers and mossy fibers, respectively. Scopolamine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Some neuronal subpopulations are especially vulnerable to ischemic injury. In the spinal cord, large motor neurons are vulnerable to ischemia and are selectively lost after transient ischemia. However, the mechanisms of the neuronal loss have been uncertain. We hypothesized that spinal motor neurons might be lost by apoptosis and(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanism of spinal cord injury has been thought to be related to the vulnerability of spinal motor neuron cells to ischemia. However, the mechanisms of such vulnerability are not fully understood. We previously reported that spinal motor neurons might be lost as a result of programmed cell death and investigated a possible mechanism of(More)
The mechanism of spinal cord injury has been thought to be related with tissue ischemia, and spinal motor neuron cells are suggested to be vulnerable to ischemia. To evaluate the mechanism of such vulnerability of motor neurons, we attempted to make a reproducible model of rabbit spinal cord ischemia. Using this model, the inductions of phosphatidylinositol(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanism of spinal cord injury is believed to be related to the vulnerability of spinal motor neuron cells to ischemia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ONO-5046, a specific inhibitor of neutrophil elastase that can attenuate tissue or organ injury in various pathologic conditions, could protect against ischemic spinal cord(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Vulnerability of motor neurons in the spinal cord against ischemia is considered to play an important role in the development of delayed paraplegia after surgery of the thoracic aorta. However, the reasons for such vulnerability are not fully understood. Recently, the ubiquitin system has been reported to participate in neuronal cell(More)
We have developed a method for quantifying the effects of neurotrophic factors by using digital image processing techniques to enhance the morphometric analysis of cultured neurons. Dissociated cell cultures from rat embryonic cerebral cortex were selected as a model biological system. Binary images of neuronal neurites were extracted from gray images of(More)
OBJECTIVE Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has protective effects on various injuries involving the central and peripheral nervous systems in vitro and vivo. However, the possible protective effect of GDNF on spinal cord ischemia and the exact mechanism involved in the ameliorative effect of GDNF on ischemic spinal cord injuries are not(More)