Masahiro Nomoto

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The underlying mechanisms of ketamine-induced hyperlocomotion were examined in mice. An intraperitoneal (IP) injection of ketamine (3-150 mg/kg) increased locomotor activity in a dose-dependent fashion. A low dose of ketamine (30 mg/kg) produced peak locomotion within the first 10 min followed by a rapid decline. In contrast, a high dose (150 mg/kg)(More)
The Y-box binding protein (YB-1) binds to inverted CCAAT box sequences that are present in the promoter region of many genes. We previously showed that YB-1 is overexpressed in human cancer cell lines that are resistant to cisplatin and that the depletion of YB-1 by transfection of a vector expressing YB-1 antisense RNA increases the sensitivity of human(More)
Administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) to common marmosets initially impaired motor function, but a partial recovery occurred over the following weeks. At both 10 days and 4-6 weeks following MPTP treatment, [3H]dopamine ([3H]DA) uptake into synaptosomal preparations of putamen was markedly decreased. At 10 days and 4-6 weeks(More)
BLAST analysis of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) using the coding sequence of a human UDP-galactose:beta-N-acetyl-glucosamine beta-1, 3-galactosyltransferase, designated beta3Gal-T1, revealed no ESTs with identical sequences but a large number with similarity. Three different sets of overlapping ESTs with sequence similarities to beta3Gal-T1 were compiled,(More)
AIMS Mucinous carcinoma of the breast usually shows less frequent lymph node metastasis and more favourable outcome compared with invasive ductal carcinoma. The aim of this study is to compare the expression profiles of several mucins in mucinous carcinomas and invasive ductal carcinomas to gain insight into the relationship between the less aggressive(More)
In order to clarify mechanisms underlying dopaminergic neuronal death in Parkinson's disease (PD), a gene expression profiling study was performed in a rodent model of PD. In this model, mice are intrastriatally injected with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) gradually die by retrograde degeneration. The SN(More)
Mucin 4 (MUC4) is a high molecular weight transmembrane mucin that is overexpressed in many carcinomas and is a risk factor associated with a poor prognosis. In this study, we show that the DNA methylation pattern is intimately correlated with MUC4 expression in breast, lung, pancreas and colon cancer cell lines. We mapped the DNA methylation status of 94(More)
The role of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in hyperlocomotion induced by (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine hydrogen maleate (MK-801), a potent and selective noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, was examined in male ddY mice. A low dose of MK-801 [0.2 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (IP)] produced a marked increase in(More)
The serum concentration and degree of fucosylation (fucosylation index) of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were determined in serum samples from 258 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and 114 patients with benign liver diseases. When the serum AFP concentration was below 1000 ng/ml, it could not be used as a measure to distinguish between HCC and benign(More)
Eight-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: ovariectomized rats (OVX); ovariectomized rats treated with estradiol valerate (E2), 20 microg subcutaneously (s.c.) twice weekly for 12 weeks (OVX+E2 group); and sham-operated control rats treated with vehicle alone (controls). Spontaneous locomotor activity was measured for 24 h,(More)