Masahiro Nishimoto

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Inhibition of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) has been proposed as a novel therapeutic approach to treat type 2 diabetes. In our efforts to discover novel inhibitors of SGLT2, we first generated a 3D pharmacophore model based on the superposition of known inhibitors. A search of the Cambridge Structural Database using a series of pharmacophore(More)
Discovery of 5-(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-4,5-dihydroisoxazole-3-carboxamides as a new class of malonyl-coenzyme A decarboxylase (MCD) inhibitors is described. tert-Butyl 3-(5-(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-4,5-dihydroisoxazole-3-carboxamido)butanoate (5, CBM-301940) exhibited excellent potency and in vivo PK/ADME(More)
A series of heteroaryl-substituted bis-trifluoromethyl carbinols were prepared and evaluated as malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (MCD) inhibitors. Some thiazole-based derivatives showed potent in vitro MCD inhibitory activities and significantly increased glucose oxidation rates in isolated working rat hearts.
In order to develop pure antiestrogens, a series of 7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-methylchroman and 7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-methylthiochroman derivatives with sulfoxide containing side chains at the 4-position were designed, synthesized, and evaluated. Among them, compounds 14b and 24b functioned as pure antiestrogens with the ability to(More)
Many previous studies have shown that meditation practice has a positive impact on cognitive and non-cognitive functioning, which are related to job performance. Thus, the aims of this study were to (1) estimate the prevalence of meditation practice, (2) identify the characteristics of individuals who practice meditation, and (3) examine the association(More)
C-Aryl 5a-carba-β-d-glucopyranose derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for inhibition activity against hSGLT1 and hSGLT2. Modifications to the substituents on the two benzene rings resulted in enhanced hSGLT2 inhibition activity and extremely high hSGLT2 selectivity versus SGLT1. Using the created superimposed model, the reason for the high hSGLT2(More)
In order to develop orally active pure antiestrogens, we incorporated the carboxy-containing side chains into the 7alpha-position of the steroid scaffold and found that 17-keto derivative CH4893237 (12b) functioned as a pure antiestrogen with its oral activity much superior to clinically used pure antiestrogen, ICI182,780. Results from the pharmacokinetic(More)
In order to search for alternatives to the sulfoxide moiety in the long side chain of pure antiestrogens, several molecules that may interact with water in a fashion similar to ICI164,384 were designed and it was found that compounds with the carboxy, the sulfamide, or the sulfonamide instead of the sulfoxide moiety also functioned as pure antiestrogens.(More)
5a-Carba-β-D-glucopyranose derivatives were synthesized and identified as novel SGLT2-selective inhibitors. These inhibitors exhibited potent SGLT2 inhibition with high selectivity over SGLT1. Among the tested compounds, 6f indicated the most potent hSGLT2 inhibition and the highest selectivity over hSGLT1. Moreover, the pharmacokinetics data also showed(More)