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Plasma folates tetrahydrofolate (THF) and N5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5MF) were determined in nongestating, gestating, and lactating sows (2 to 4 yr old, 2-6 parities, n = 88) and in newborn, growing, and finishing pigs (0 to 158 days old, n = 191) with the use of high-performance liquid chromatography with an electrochemical detector. Plasma folates after(More)
Effect of probenecid on pharmacokinetics of 99mTc-mercaptoacetylytriglycine (99mTc-MAG3) in dogs was investigated before (control), and after 15 min and 24 h of i.v. injection of probenecid (20 mg/kg). Plasma concentration-time profiles of 99mTc-MAG3 were described with a two-compartment open model. Plasma 99mTc-MAG3 clearances (Clp, ml/min/kg) were 7.9 +/-(More)
Investigating the biological effects of high-LET heavy-ion irradiation at low fluence is important to evaluate the risk of radiation in space. It is especially necessary to detect radiation damage induced by a precise number of heavy ions in individual cells. We thus compared the number of ions traversing a cell and the DNA damage produced by ion hits. We(More)
Concentrations of pig plasma folates were determined by a high-performance liquid chromatography with an electrochemical detector (HPLC-ECD). Tetrahydrofolic acid (THF) and 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid (5-MF) were found to be the plasma folates. The concentration of THF (10.3 +/- 4.3 ng/ml) was significantly higher than that of 5-MF (3.5 +/- 1.0 ng/ml). The(More)
The relationship between deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage and the cell death induced by gamma-irradiation was examined in three kinds of cells, Chinese hamster ovary fibroblast CHO-K1, human melanoma HMV-II and mouse leukemia L5178Y. Cell survival was determined by a clonogenic assay. The induction and rejoining of DNA strand breaks induced by radiation(More)
Ferritin utilizes ferroxidase activity to incorporate iron. Iron uptake kinetics of bovine spleen apoferritin were compared with those of recombinant H chain ferritin and L chain ferritin homopolymers. H chain ferritin homopolymer showed an iron uptake rate identical to bovine spleen apoferritin (0.19 and 0.21 mmol/min/μmol of protein, respectively), and(More)
The electrophoresis pattern of apoptotic cells detected by the comet assay has a characteristic small head and spread tail. This image has been referred to as an apoptotic comet, but it has not been previously proven to be apoptotic cells by any direct method. In order to identify this image obtained by the comet assay as corresponding to an apoptotic cell,(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), a mesenchymal neoplasm affecting the gastrointestinal tract, shows a variety of clinical behaviors from inactive benign to aggressive malignant in dogs. In this study, the feasibility of using clinically significant ultrasonographic features to predict the metastatic potential of canine GIST was investigated through(More)
Iron incorporation by bovine spleen apoferritin either with ferrous ammonium sulfate in different buffers or with ferrous ammonium sulfate and phosphate was studied. Iron uptake and iron autoxidation were recorded spectrophotomerically. The buffers [4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethanesulphonic acid (Hepes) and tris(hydroxymethyl)aminoethane (Tris)(More)
An analysis of ionizing radiation-induced damage in peripheral lymphocytes has been employed to predict the prognosis of radiotherapy in terms of toxicity in normal tissues. Therefore, understanding the sensitivity of lymphocytes to high linear energy transfer (LET)-charged particles would be indispensable for utilizing charged particle therapy in(More)