Masahiro Nagayoshi

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Various doses (0, 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, or 25 mg/kg) of methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM), a potent alkylating agent, were injected singly into pregnant rats intraperitoneally on day 15 of gestation. Relationships between brain weights and neurochemical changes in the cerebral hemispheres (CHs; cerebral cortex and subjacent white matter, hippocampus, amygdala)(More)
In Xenopus the c-mos proto-oncogene product (Mos) is essential for the initiation of oocyte maturation, for the progression from meiosis I to meiosis II and for the second meiotic metaphase arrest, acting as an essential component of the cytostatic factor CSF. Its function in mouse oocytes is unclear, however, as is the biological significance of c-mos mRNA(More)
Injection of pregnant rats with cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) (280 mg/kg) on day 15 of gestation caused a significant rise (about two times the control value) in monoamine concentrations (norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin) accompanied by a decrease (about 60% of the control) in the brain weight and DNA content in the cerebrum of the offspring at 60(More)
This paper describes an experimental result on evolutionary processes of learning agents in a multi-agent environment, under our objective to propose an orientation toward a feasible design of a group of autonomous mobile robots that can evolve in the software level. After the work of a constant of steps, each agent gathers the degree of task achievement(More)
Methylazoxymethanol (MAM)-induced cerebral hypoplasia resulted in a significant increase in densities of both serotonin uptake sites in frontal cortex and dopamine uptake sites in striatum, suggesting serotonergic and dopaminergic axons terminals were compressed in the smaller brain volumes. The density of S2 serotonin receptors in MAM-lesioned frontal(More)
The regional levels of several cell marker proteins in the brain and the ability of operant discrimination learning on a multiple fixed ratio (FR), fixed interval (FI) schedule were determined in rats with microencephaly induced by prenatal treatment with methylazoxymethanol (MAM), an antimitotic agent, on the 11 th to 13 th days (Group A) or on the 15 th(More)
The levels of S-100 protein (S-100) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in the developing rat brain were determined by a sensitive enzyme immunoassay and the results were compared with those obtained by other methods. Changes with development in the levels of S-100, NSE, and 2', 3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase), biochemical markers for(More)
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