Masahiro Nagai

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In order to examine the effect of HTLV-I proviral load on the pathogenesis of HAM/TSP, we measured the HTLV-I proviral load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from a large number of HAM/TSP patients and asymptomatic HTLV-I carriers. To measure the proviral load, we used an accurate and reproducible quantitative PCR method using a dual-labeled(More)
The risk of disease associated with persistent virus infections such as HIV-I, hepatitis B and C, and human T-lymphotropic virus-I (HTLV-I) is strongly determined by the virus load. However, it is not known whether a persistent class I HLA-restricted antiviral cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response reduces viral load and is therefore beneficial or causes(More)
To date, high human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I proviral load in patients with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis has been reported and is thought to be related to the pathogenesis of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. However, the proviral(More)
Some cases of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are caused by mutations in the gene encoding cytosolic, copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1). We report here that rats that express a human SOD1 transgene with two different ALS-associated mutations (G93A and H46R) develop striking motor neuron degeneration and paralysis. As in the human disease(More)
Crystallographic studies have elucidated the binding mechanism of forskolin and P-site inhibitors to adenylyl cyclase. Accordingly, computer-assisted drug design has enabled us to identify isoform-selective regulators of adenylyl cyclase. After examining more than 200 newly synthesized derivatives of forskolin, we found that the modification at the(More)
Two cases of congenital brain tumor present at birth are reported. One patient was a baby girl with a huge teratoma measuring 8 X 6 X 5 cm; she died on her fourth day of life. The other patient had a large cystic astrocytoma, which was successfully removed; the patient is alive and in good health at 2 years of age and has no sign of recurrence of the tumor.(More)
To investigate the role of viral expression in individuals infected with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), a real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of HTLV-1 tax messenger RNA (mRNA) using ABI Prism 7700 Sequence Detection System was developed. Using this system, the HTLV-1 tax mRNA load was compared(More)
To discern the T cell subtype associated with T cell differentiation, the expression of CD45RA and CD27 was measured from total CD8(high) cells and from human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) Tax11-19 peptide-specific CD8(+) cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP).(More)
Osteoblasts/stromal cells support the formation of osteoclast-like cells (OCL) from osteoclast progenitor cells via expressing a membrane-associated protein, osteoclast differentiation factor (ODF), in the presence of osteotropic factors, whereas the cells secrete a substantial amount of osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (OCIF) in the unstimulated state.(More)
Human synovial sarcoma has been shown to exclusively harbor the chromosomal translocation t(X;18) that produces the chimeric gene SYT-SSX. However, the role of SYT-SSX in cellular transformation remains unclear. In this study, we have established 3Y1 rat fibroblast cell lines that constitutively express SYT, SSX1, and SYT-SSX1 and found that SYT-SSX1(More)