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Staurosporine, microbial alkaloid which has been known to have antifungal activity was found to inhibit markedly phospholipid/Ca++dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C) from rat brain, with an IC50 value of 2.7 nM. However, it had little effect on the binding of 3H-phorbol-12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBu) to protein kinase C. The inhibition of protein kinase C(More)
The localization of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) immunoreactivity and mRNA in the adult rat brain was examined by light microscopic and electron microscopic immunohistochemistries, and in situ hybridization. For the purpose of detailed investigation of the distribution and comparison of GR immunoreactivities and mRNAs, specific polyclonal antibodies against(More)
Calphostin C (UCN-1028C), a newly isolated compound from Cladosporium cladosporioides, is a potent and specific inhibitor of protein kinase C, because it was 1000 times more inhibitory to protein kinase C (IC50, 0.05 microM) than other protein kinases such as cAMP-dependent protein kinase and tyrosine-specific protein kinase (IC50, greater than 50 microM).(More)
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) induces apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which may increase atherosclerotic plaque instability. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms causing the Ox-LDL-induced apoptosis in VSMCs, especially focusing on the involvement of Bax/Bcl-2 and the lectinlike Ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1). In(More)
We have previously shown that the treatment with diallyl sulfide (DAS) and phenylethyl isothiocyanate (PIC) of rats receiving ethanol in the alcohol tube-feeding model effectively suppressed the induction of cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) by ethanol. Here we report that rat treatment with DAS and PIC significantly decreased the trapping of hydroxyethyl free(More)
BACKGROUND A 24-year-old, male chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) developed acute tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a diffuse T2-weighted hyperintensive lesion, indicating inflammation at the C1-2 level. All infective, autoimmune, and vascular investigations were unremarkable. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS The chimpanzee's condition most resembled acute(More)
Liver lipid peroxidation, nonheme iron, antioxidants, and protein oxidation were investigated in experimental alcohol-induced liver disease in the rat. Wistar male rats were intragastrically and continuously infused for 4 weeks with a high-fat diet plus an ethanol or an isocaloric amount of dextrose, maintaining a high blood alcohol level (200-300 mg%).(More)
The c-kit receptor tyrosine kinase is highly expressed by about 10% of the neurons in the dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) of mouse embryos. We investigated the in vitro effect of stem cell factor (SCF), the ligand for c-kit receptor, on DRGs. Recombinant murine SCF (rmSCF) induced the outgrowth of c-kit-positive neurites from DRGs of normal (+/+) embryos. The(More)
The c-kit protooncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase that mediates signals required for differentiation, proliferation and survival of mast cells. We have already shown the constitutive activation of c-kit receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) in a human mast cell leukemia line (HMC-1) and a murine mastocytoma cell line (P-815). We here examined whether such(More)
To study the projection from the pretectum to the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd) in the cat, we used anterograde and retrograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP). Special attention was directed to the retinotopic maps of the pretectum and LGNd. Multiple restricted injections were made into different parts of the(More)