Masahiro Miyata

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between prophylactic antibiotic administration (PAA) and post-operative infection in radical cystectomy with orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion carried out for patients with bladder cancer. Fifty-seven consecutive cases were analyzed retrospectively. Post-operative infections were categorized(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) in children is frequently associated with allergy and immunoglobulin E (IgE) production. T-helper subtype 2 cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, have been implicated in the regulation of IgE production. We investigated the associations of gene polymorphisms of IL-4, IL-13, and signal(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can result from a wide variety of diseases, but whether clinical outcomes differ in the same CKD stages according to the underlying renal disease remains unclear. Clarification of this issue is important for stratifying risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death in patients before dialysis. The study comprised 2,692 patients(More)
The competence to consent to treatment of 26 adults with stage 5 predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) (16 males, 10 females, age; 58 +/- 11 years, creatinine clearance; 10.1 +/- 3.9 mL/min)was assessed using two kinds of format: the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T) and mini-mental-state examination (MMSE). The MacCAT-T revealed(More)
Nafamostat mesilate (NM), a synthetic protease inhibitor, is the most commonly used anticoagulant in the setting of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) in patients with bleeding tendency. It inhibits both platelet aggregation and activation of coagulation factors. Although it has been reported that NM disaggregates aggregated platelets, little is known about(More)
Accumulating data indicates that certain microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are differently expressed in samples of tumors and paired non-tumorous samples taken from the same patients with colorectal tumors. We examined the expression of onco-related miRNAs in 131 sporadic exophytic adenomas or early cancers and in 52 sporadic flat elevated adenomas or early(More)
Fusobacterium species are part of the gut microbiome in humans, but some species have been recognized as opportunistic pathogens implicated in inflammatory diseases including inflammatory bowel diseases. Here, we performed prevalence screening of Fusobacterium in ulcerative colitis (UC) in Japanese patients. We examined Fusobacterium nucleatum (F.(More)
BACKGROUND The effects on quality of life (QOL) after a Phase I/II clinical trial of a combination of osteocalcin promoter-driven herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (Ad-OC-TK) gene therapy and valacyclovir (VAL) were investigated for patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS The QOL of six patients was prospectively(More)
In this paper, we present a method of estimating a child's attention, one of the more important human mental states, in a free-play scenario of child-robot interaction. First, we developed a system that could sense a child's verbal and non- verbal multimodal signals such as gaze, facial expression, proximity, and so on. Then, the observed information was(More)