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The competence to consent to treatment of 26 adults with stage 5 predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) (16 males, 10 females, age; 58 +/- 11 years, creatinine clearance; 10.1 +/- 3.9 mL/min)was assessed using two kinds of format: the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T) and mini-mental-state examination (MMSE). The MacCAT-T revealed(More)
PURPOSE Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can result from a wide variety of diseases, but whether clinical outcomes differ in the same CKD stages according to the underlying renal disease remains unclear. Clarification of this issue is important for stratifying risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death in patients before dialysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) in children is frequently associated with allergy and immunoglobulin E (IgE) production. T-helper subtype 2 cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, have been implicated in the regulation of IgE production. We investigated the associations of gene polymorphisms of IL-4, IL-13, and signal(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Fusobacterium species are part of the gut microbiome in humans, but some species have been recognized as opportunistic pathogens implicated in inflammatory diseases including inflammatory bowel diseases. Here, we performed prevalence screening of Fusobacterium in ulcerative colitis (UC) in Japanese patients. METHODS We examined(More)
Accumulating data indicates that certain microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are differently expressed in samples of tumors and paired non-tumorous samples taken from the same patients with colorectal tumors. We examined the expression of onco-related miRNAs in 131 sporadic exophytic adenomas or early cancers and in 52 sporadic flat elevated adenomas or early(More)
BACKGROUND The effects on quality of life (QOL) after a Phase I/II clinical trial of a combination of osteocalcin promoter-driven herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (Ad-OC-TK) gene therapy and valacyclovir (VAL) were investigated for patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS The QOL of six patients was prospectively(More)
Recently, hypotension and malaise during hemodialysis using polysulfone (PS) membranes have been reported. This study aimed to evaluate the bioincompatibility of eluted substances from PS hemodialysis membranes that can induce hypotension, malaise, and anaphylactic shock. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) elution from five hemodialysis membranes was measured in an(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between prophylactic antibiotic administration (PAA) and post-operative infection in radical cystectomy with orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion carried out for patients with bladder cancer. Fifty-seven consecutive cases were analyzed retrospectively. Post-operative infections were categorized(More)
The objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of the sterilization and storage period on elution of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) from wet-type polysulfone (PSu) membrane dialyzers. APS-15SA (APS) dialyzers sterilized by gamma-radiation and RENAK PS-1.6 (RENAK) dialyzers sterilized by autoclaving were compared in this study. Each dialyzer was(More)