Masahiro Minagawa

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NK and extrathymic T cells are abundant in the decidua of the pregnant uterus. To determine how this unique pattern is induced, overall populations of leukocytes were examined in the blood and other tissues in pregnant women. Time-kinetic studies showed that a basal change of leukocytes during pregnancy was granulocytosis and lymphocytopenia in the blood.(More)
The immune system in the aged is a very interesting subject for study. In this study, analysis was extended to extrathymic T cells as well as NK cells and “conventional” T cells (i.e., thymus-derived T cells) in terms of their constitution and function in both healthy and unhealthy centenarians. Middle-aged persons were used as controls. Healthy and(More)
The sensitizing effect of prostaglandin (PG) E2 on the heat response of testicular polymodal receptors was studied in vitro by recording single polymodal receptor activities from the testis-spermatic nerve preparations excised from deeply anesthetized dogs. PG E2 at 10(-7) M had no significant influence on the heat response. PG E2 at 10(-6) and 10(-5) M did(More)
Epidermal keratinocytes secrete cytokines, chemokines, and anti-microbial peptides in response to various microbial pathogens and their components including lipopolysaccharide (LPS). To identify the receptor(s) involved in the anti-microbial responses of epidermal keratinocytes, we analyzed expression of CD14, Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), and TLR4 on(More)
There are physiological variations in the levels of leucocytes. Among these, the circadian rhythm is very important in terms of the magnitude. Since newly identified lymphocyte subsets (i.e. extrathymic T cells) have recently been detected, a comprehensive study of the circadian rhythm was conducted. All leucocytes were found to vary in number or proportion(More)
CONTEXT Dissection of the superior mesenteric artery is the most important part of a pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer. Since 2005, we have used the left posterior approach for superior mesenteric vascular pedicle dissection, in which the superior mesenteric artery and the superior mesenteric vein are dissected first in a clockwise fashion. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chronic alcohol abuse induces liver injury and increases the severity of viral hepatitis, but the precise mechanisms responsible are not well understood. In particular, little is known about the role of natural killer T cells in alcohol-induced liver injury. Natural killer T cells are mediators of important regulator and effector functions(More)
Vgamma3 TCR cells develop in the fetal thymus and migrate to the skin as dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC). Fetal Vgamma3 thymocytes differentiate from immature heat stable antigen (HSA)high cells to mature HSAlow cells and the latter subset predominantly expresses IL-2 receptor beta chain (IL-2Rbeta). In this study, the role of IL-2Rbeta in the(More)
1. Whether bradykinin (BK), which is known as an endogenous pain-producing substance, induces augmentation of the discharges of polymodal receptors evoked by heat stimulation was investigated in in vitro canine testis-superior spermatic nerve preparations. 2. The heat response was significantly augmented by pretreatments with BK at concentrations greater(More)
In elucidating the possible involvement of histamine (His) in hyperalgesia to heat, the effects of His on the heat response of testicular polymodal receptors were studied in vitro in canine testis-spermatic nerve preparations. His (100 and 1000 microM) induced discharges > 0.5 impulses/s (high-responders) in about one third of units tested. His (> or = 10(More)