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Serum mannose-binding protein (MBP) is a C-type lectin that binds to terminal mannose and N-acetylglucosamine moieties present on surfaces of certain pathogens and activates the classical complement pathway. In the present study, we describe the mechanism underlying the activation triggered by MBP. The human serum MBP fraction was obtained by sequential(More)
BACKGROUND Urotensin-II (UII), a cyclic dodecapeptide originally isolated from fish urophysis that has potent cardiovascular effects, has recently been identified as an endogenous ligand for the orphan G protein-coupled receptor, GPR14. The physiological roles of endogenous UII and its receptor in humans remain unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate the(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a C-type lectin involved in the first line of host defense against pathogens and it requires MBL-associated serine protease (MASP) for activation of the complement lectin pathway. To elucidate the origin and evolution of MBL, MBL-like lectin was isolated from the plasma of a urochordate, the solitary ascidian Halocynthia(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels modulate calcium levels in eukaryotic cells in response to external signals. A novel transient receptor potential channel has the ability to phosphorylate itself and other proteins on serine and threonine residues. The catalytic domain of this channel kinase has no detectable sequence similarity to classical(More)
OBJECTIVE To outline our experience with hepatectomy with simultaneous resection of the portal vein and hepatic artery for advanced perihilar cholangiocarcinoma, and to discuss the clinical significance of this challenging hepatectomy. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Only a few authors reported negative results for this surgery in a very limited number of(More)
Collectins are C-type animal lectins with both collagenous and carbohydrate recognition domains and are involved in the first line host defense against pathogens. We report here a novel Ca(2+)-dependent and GlcNAc-binding lectin consisting of subunits of 35 kDa (P35) with a collagen-like sequence. When P35 is isolated from human serum, it forms a(More)
Neuronal Cdc2-like kinase is a heterodimer of Cdk5 and a 25-kDa subunit that is derived from a 35-kDa brain- and neuron-specific protein called the neuronal Cdk5 activator (p35/p25nck5a) (Lew, J., Huang, Q.-Q., Qi, Z., Winkfein, R. J., Aebersold, R., Hunt, T., and Wang, J. H. (1994) Nature 371, 423-426; Tsai, L. H., Delalle, I., Caviness, V. S., Jr., Chae,(More)
We previously cloned a novel human lectin, designated P35, with both collagen-like and fibrinogen-like domains. P35 recognizes GlcNAc residues and is opsonic toward microorganisms. The overall structure of P35 closely resembles those of two pig ficolins that are putative TGF-beta 1-binding proteins. In this study, we analyzed the exon-intron structure and(More)
Spinal neurons projecting to the posterior lobe of the cerebellum were identified with the retrograde horseradish peroxidase technique in the cat. In four cases with the injections, which were preceded by hemisections at cervical or thoracic levels, it was determined whether in the spinal cord the identified neurons give rise to crossed ascending axons or(More)
In this study, positron emission tomography (PET) was used to evaluate cortical control of saccades. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) patterns demonstrated by 15O water PET during saccadic task performance were tested in 13 normal volunteers and 20 ICD-9 schizo phrenics (10 unmedicated and 10 medicated). The following 3 saccadic tasks, which were(More)