Masahiro Matsushita

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Collectins are C-type animal lectins with both collagenous and carbohydrate recognition domains and are involved in the first line host defense against pathogens. We report here a novel Ca(2+)-dependent and GlcNAc-binding lectin consisting of subunits of 35 kDa (P35) with a collagen-like sequence. When P35 is isolated from human serum, it forms a(More)
BACKGROUND Urotensin-II (UII), a cyclic dodecapeptide originally isolated from fish urophysis that has potent cardiovascular effects, has recently been identified as an endogenous ligand for the orphan G protein-coupled receptor, GPR14. The physiological roles of endogenous UII and its receptor in humans remain unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate the(More)
The distribution of spinocerebellar tract (SCT) neurons has been studied in the entire length of the spinal cord of the cat following injections of horseradish peroxidase into the cerebellum, and whether or not the axons of the labeled neurons crossed within the spinal cord was determined in cases with injections preceded by hemisections at the cervical(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels modulate calcium levels in eukaryotic cells in response to external signals. A novel transient receptor potential channel has the ability to phosphorylate itself and other proteins on serine and threonine residues. The catalytic domain of this channel kinase has no detectable sequence similarity to classical(More)
Spinal neurons projecting to the posterior lobe of the cerebellum were identified with the retrograde horseradish peroxidase technique in the cat. In four cases with the injections, which were preceded by hemisections at cervical or thoracic levels, it was determined whether in the spinal cord the identified neurons give rise to crossed ascending axons or(More)
The recent identification of two mannose-binding lectin-associated serine protease clones from Halocynthia roretzi, an ascidian, suggested the presence of a complement system in urochordates. To elucidate the structure and function of this possibly primitive complement system, we have isolated cDNA clones for ascidian C3 (AsC3) and purified AsC3 protein(More)
Neuronal Cdc2-like kinase is a heterodimer of Cdk5 and a 25-kDa subunit that is derived from a 35-kDa brain- and neuron-specific protein called the neuronal Cdk5 activator (p35/p25nck5a) (Lew, J., Huang, Q.-Q., Qi, Z., Winkfein, R. J., Aebersold, R., Hunt, T., and Wang, J. H. (1994) Nature 371, 423-426; Tsai, L. H., Delalle, I., Caviness, V. S., Jr., Chae,(More)
Serum mannose-binding protein (MBP) is a C-type lectin that binds to terminal mannose and N-acetylglucosamine moieties present on surfaces of certain pathogens and activates the classical complement pathway. In the present study, we describe the mechanism underlying the activation triggered by MBP. The human serum MBP fraction was obtained by sequential(More)
The mannan-binding lectin (MBL) pathway of complement activation is part of the innate immune defense. The binding of MBL to microbial carbohydrates activates the MBL-associated serine proteases (MASPs), which recruit the complement factors, C4 and C2, to generate the C3 convertase or directly activate C3. We present a phylogenetically highly conserved(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a C-type lectin involved in the first line of host defense against pathogens and it requires MBL-associated serine protease (MASP) for activation of the complement lectin pathway. To elucidate the origin and evolution of MBL, MBL-like lectin was isolated from the plasma of a urochordate, the solitary ascidian Halocynthia(More)