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Antioxidant activity of carotenoids is suggested to be one of the factors for their disease preventing effects. Marine carotenoids fucoxanthin and its two metabolites, fucoxanthinol and halocynthiaxanthin, have been shown to exhibit several biological effects. The antioxidant activities of these three carotenoids were assessed in vitro with respect to(More)
To identify blood markers for early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), blood samples were collected from rats with adenine-induced CKD over 28 days. Plasma samples were subjected to metabolomic profiling by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, followed by multivariate analyses. In addition to already-identified uremic toxins, we found that plasma(More)
As superoxide (.O2-) and hydroxyl radical (.OH) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease, free radical scavenging and antioxidants have attracted attention as way to prevent progression of this disease. We examined the effects of eugenol, an essential oil extracted from cloves, on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced dopamine (DA)(More)
Prodigiosins are natural red pigments that have multi-biological activities. Recently, we discovered a marine bacterial strain, which produces a red pigment. Extensive two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry analysis showed that the pigment is a prodigiosin analogue (PG-L-1). Here, we investigated the effect of PG-L-1 on NADPH(More)
As superoxide (*O(2)-) and hydroxyl radical (*OH) have been implicated in pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease, free radical scavenging, antioxidant, and neuroprotective agents have attracted attention as ways to prevent progression. We examined effects of zingerone, an alkaloid extracted from ginger root, on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced dopamine (DA)(More)
BACKGROUND Urea and creatinine are widely used as biomarkers for disease. However, these parameters have been criticized as markers for several reasons. Thus, we conducted this study to identify novel biomarkers that can be used as alternatives to urea and creatinine to estimate the adequate dialysis dose by metabolomic analyses of plasma samples from(More)
BACKGROUND alpha-Oxoaldehydes such as glyoxal (GO), methylglyoxal (MG), and 3-deoxyglucosone (3DG) are precursors of advanced glycation end products and exert direct toxicity to cells and tissues. Plasma levels of these substances are reportedly elevated in diabetes and dialysis patients, but the data on exact levels and clinical significance in chronic(More)
Using a new method having been developed for the purpose of quantitative determination for peroxyradicals, the presence of peroxyradicals was proved in cigarette smoke. In brief, peroxyradicals in cigarette smoke were measured by ESR spectrometry coupled to non-reductive scavenging of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). As a result, peroxyradicals were(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major epidemiologic problem and a risk factor for cardiovascular events and cerebrovascular accidents. Because CKD shows irreversible progression, early diagnosis is desirable. Renal function can be evaluated by measuring creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). This method, however, has low sensitivity(More)
Mutagenicity of fucoxanthinol (FXOH), the major compound after oral ingestion of fucoxanthin (FX), was evaluated by in vitro Ames test, and of FX by in vivo micronucleus test. In in vitro Ames test, bacterial reverse mutation was examined by using Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98, TA100, TA1535 and TA1537, and Escherichia coli WP2uvrA/pKM101, with or(More)