Masahiro Kobayashi

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The human genome encodes approximately 100,000 different genes, and at least partial sequence information for nearly all will be available soon. Sequence information alone, however, is insufficient for a full understanding of gene function, expression, regulation, and splice-site variation. Because cellular processes are governed by the repertoire of(More)
BACKGROUND It is a challenge to identify patients who, after undergoing potentially curative treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma, are at greatest risk for recurrence. Such high-risk patients could receive novel interventional measures. An obstacle to the development of genome-based predictors of outcome in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma has been(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly heterogeneous disease, and prior attempts to develop genomic-based classification for HCC have yielded highly divergent results, indicating difficulty in identifying unified molecular anatomy. We performed a meta-analysis of gene expression profiles in data sets from eight independent patient cohorts across the(More)
Nori, a marine red alga, is one of the most profitable mariculture crops in the world. However, the biological properties of this macroalga are poorly understood at the molecular level. In this study, we determined the draft genome sequence of susabi-nori (Pyropia yezoensis) using next-generation sequencing platforms. For sequencing, thalli of P. yezoensis(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with high titer (>/=100 kIU/ml) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b do not achieve highly sustained virological response rates to combination therapy with interferon plus ribavirin. Non-virological responders (NVRs, namely ultimate resistant cases) who do not achieve HCV-RNA negativity during treatment are also encountered. We(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We showed previously that amino acid (aa) substitutions in the HCV core region (HCV-CR) are predictors of non-virological response (NVR) to peginterferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy. Here, we determined the predictive factors of sustained virological response (SVR) and early virologic response (EVR) to this treatment. METHODS We(More)
UNLABELLED We showed previously that amino acid (aa) substitutions in hepatitis C virus core region (HCV-CR) are negative predictors of virologic response to pegylated interferon (IFN) plus ribavirin therapy. HCV-CR induces hepatocellular carcinoma in transgenic mice, but the clinical impact is still unclear. To evaluate the impact of aa substitutions in(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) of genotype 1b is the most prevalent worldwide, and the least responsive to interferon-based treatments. A combination therapy with two direct-acting antivirals has shown promising results in patients with HCV-1b, but the prevalence of drug-resistant variants before treatment is not known in the Japanese population. (More)
UNLABELLED Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Antiviral agents are thought to reduce HCC development, but agents such as lamivudine (LAM) have a high rate of drug resistance. We compared the incidence of HCC in 472 entecavir (ETV)-treated patients and 1,143 nontreated HBV patients (control(More)
UNLABELLED Genetic variation near the IL28B gene and substitution of amino acid (aa) 70 and 91 in the core region of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b can predict the response to pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)/ribavirin combination therapy, but its impact on triple therapy of telaprevir/PEG-IFN/ribavirin is not clear. The aims of this study were to(More)