Masahiro Iwa

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Central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) delays gastric emptying through the autonomic nervous system. CRF plays an important role in mediating delayed gastric emptying induced by stress. However, it is not clear whether a sympathetic or parasympathetic pathway is involved in the mechanism of central CRF-induced inhibition of solid gastric emptying. The(More)
Acupuncture has been used for treating functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Animal studies demonstrated that acupuncture improves various stress-induced physiological responses. We investigated the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST-36 (Zusanli; lower limb) on stress-induced delay of gastric emptying. Solid food gastric emptying in 90 min was(More)
Although restraint stress accelerates colonic transit via a central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), the precise mechanism still remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that restraint stress and central CRF stimulate colonic motility and transit via a vagal pathway and 5-HT(3) receptors of the proximal colon in rats. (51)Cr was injected via the(More)
To obtain the anatomical evidences of possible neural pathways in mediating acupuncture-induced gastric motor responses, we studied c-Fos immunohistochemistry of the brain stem in response to acupuncture in rats. Acupuncture needles were inserted at the bilateral acupoints of ST-36 (lower limb) or ST-25 (abdomen) for 30 min. After acupuncture, the brainstem(More)
Glucagon like peptide-1 (7-36) (GLP-1), one of the gastrointestinal (GI) regulatory peptide, is known to act as a stress related brain neurotransmitter mediating GI function. Central administration of GLP-1 inhibits gastric emptying. However, little is known about the effect of central GLP-1 on colonic transit. Effects and mechanism of GLP-1 on colonic(More)
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