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Acupuncture is useful for functional bowel diseases, such as constipation and diarrhea. However, the mechanisms of beneficial effects of acupuncture on colonic function have scarcely ever been investigated. We tested the hypothesis that electroacupuncture (EA) at ST-36 stimulates colonic motility and transit via a parasympathetic pathway in conscious rats.(More)
Acupuncture has been used for treating functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Animal studies have demonstrated that acupuncture antagonized various stress-induced responses. We investigated the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST-36 (Zusanli; lower limb) on stress-induced alteration of GI motor activities. Solid gastric emptying was significantly(More)
Central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) delays gastric emptying through the autonomic nervous system. CRF plays an important role in mediating delayed gastric emptying induced by stress. However, it is not clear whether a sympathetic or parasympathetic pathway is involved in the mechanism of central CRF-induced inhibition of solid gastric emptying. The(More)
It has been shown that acupuncture relieves symptoms of abdominal pain and bloating in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, the mechanism of beneficial effects of acupuncture still remains unproven. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms of the antinociceptive effects of acupuncture in conscious dogs. We evaluated(More)
To obtain the anatomical evidences of possible neural pathways in mediating acupuncture-induced gastric motor responses, we studied c-Fos immunohistochemistry of the brain stem in response to acupuncture in rats. Acupuncture needles were inserted at the bilateral acupoints of ST-36 (lower limb) or ST-25 (abdomen) for 30 min. After acupuncture, the brainstem(More)
Central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) plays an important role in mediating restraint stress-induced delayed gastric emptying. However, it is unclear how restraint stress modulates gastric motility to delay gastric emptying. Inasmuch as solid gastric emptying is regulated via antropyloric coordination, we hypothesized that restraint stress impairs(More)
Acupuncture has been used for treating functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Animal studies demonstrated that acupuncture improves various stress-induced physiological responses. We investigated the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST-36 (Zusanli; lower limb) on stress-induced delay of gastric emptying. Solid food gastric emptying in 90 min was(More)
Although restraint stress accelerates colonic transit via a central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), the precise mechanism still remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that restraint stress and central CRF stimulate colonic motility and transit via a vagal pathway and 5-HT(3) receptors of the proximal colon in rats. (51)Cr was injected via the(More)
Glucagon like peptide-1 (7-36) (GLP-1), one of the gastrointestinal (GI) regulatory peptide, is known to act as a stress related brain neurotransmitter mediating GI function. Central administration of GLP-1 inhibits gastric emptying. However, little is known about the effect of central GLP-1 on colonic transit. Effects and mechanism of GLP-1 on colonic(More)
Central corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) delays gastric emptying through the autonomic nervous system. CRF plays an important role in mediating delayed gastric emptying induced by stress. However, it is not clear whether a sympathetic or parasympathetic pathway is involved in the mechanism of central CRF-induced inhibition of solid gastric emptying. The(More)
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