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Yeast cells carrying the CAD2 gene exhibit a resistance to cadmium. We cloned this gene and demonstrated that it was a mutated form derived from the gene of a putative copper-transporting ATPase (PCA1). By site-directed mutagenesis, it appeared that the mutation conferring cadmium resistance was a R970G-substitution in the C-terminal region of Pca1 protein.(More)
Salicylic acid (SA) controls growth and stress responses in plants. It also induces drought tolerance in plants. In this paper, four wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars with different drought responses were treated with SA in three levels of drain (90, 60, 30% of maximum field capacity) to examine its interactive effects on drought responses and contents(More)
A mutant strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (NR 6), which can be associated with a reduction in the accumulation of Mg2+ has been isolated. This mutant strain displays resistance to both Ni2+ and Co2+, but not, however, towards Cu2+, Cd2+, Mn2+, Zn2+ and Cr2O7(2-). Both Co2+ and Ni2+ uptake by the mutant strain is less than by the wild type (CMR-50). The(More)
The Matrix Polymer Hydrolysis Model for regulation of growth in plants is based on the simultaneous hydrolysis and incorporation of new glucans into the cell wall observed in growing plant tissues. The inhibition of growth in rice coleoptile tissues treated with glucanase antibodies confirms similar results observed previously in maize coleoptiles and(More)
Galactose inhibited auxin-induced cell elongation of oat coleoptiles but not that of azuki bean stems. Galactose decreased the level of UDP-glucose in oat coleoptiles but not in azuki bean hypocotyls. Glucose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase activity (EC, in a crude extract from oat coleoptiles, was competitively inhibited by galactose-1-phosphate,(More)
Two ecotypes of S. alfredii [Pb accumulating (AE) and Pb non-accumulating (NAE)] differing in their ability in accumulating Pb were exposed to different Pb levels to evaluate the effects on plant length, photosynthetic pigments, antioxidant enzymes (SOD and APX), cysteine, non-protein thiols (NP-SH), phytochelatins (PCs) and glutathione (GSH) vis-à-vis Pb(More)
Suspension-cultured cells of azuki bean (Vigna angularis) as well as the original root tissues were hypersensitive to Cd (<10 microM). Repeated subculturings with a sublethal level of Cd (1-10 microM) did not affect the subsequent response of cells to inhibitory levels of Cd (10-100 microM). The azuki bean cells challenged to Cd did not contain(More)
Possible roles of cell wall and cytoplasmic peptides in the tolerance of cells to Cu2+ and Cd2+ ions were studied in suspension-cultured cells of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L. cv. Palace). Cu2+ and Cd2+ ions inhibited growth of wild type cells at concentrations more than 100 and 200 μM, respectively. Tomato cells readily developed tolerance to Cd2+(More)
The resistance to cadmium ions (Cd-resistance) and possible formation of cadmium-binding complexes were examined in eight different wild-type yeasts. Saccharomyces exiguus, Pichia farinosa, Torulaspora delbrueckii and Schizosaccharomyces octosporus exhibited partial Cd-resistance, as compared to the Cd-resistant strain 301N and the Cu-resistant but(More)
This review describes nickel toxicity and nickel resistance mechanisms in fungi. Nickel toxicity in fungi is influenced by environmental factors such as pH, temperature and the existence of organic matter and other ions. We describe resistance mechanisms in nickel-resistant mutants of yeasts and filamentous fungi which were obtained by exposure to a mutagen(More)