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Salicylic acid (SA) controls growth and stress responses in plants. It also induces drought tolerance in plants. In this paper, four wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars with different drought responses were treated with SA in three levels of drain (90, 60, 30% of maximum field capacity) to examine its interactive effects on drought responses and contents(More)
Two ecotypes of S. alfredii [Pb accumulating (AE) and Pb non-accumulating (NAE)] differing in their ability in accumulating Pb were exposed to different Pb levels to evaluate the effects on plant length, photosynthetic pigments, antioxidant enzymes (SOD and APX), cysteine, non-protein thiols (NP-SH), phytochelatins (PCs) and glutathione (GSH) vis-à-vis Pb(More)
Yeast cells carrying the CAD2 gene exhibit a resistance to cadmium. We cloned this gene and demonstrated that it was a mutated form derived from the gene of a putative copper-transporting ATPase (PCA1). By site-directed mutagenesis, it appeared that the mutation conferring cadmium resistance was a R970G-substitution in the C-terminal region of Pca1 protein.(More)
Suspension-cultured cells of azuki bean (Vigna angularis) as well as the original root tissues were hypersensitive to Cd (<10 microM). Repeated subculturings with a sublethal level of Cd (1-10 microM) did not affect the subsequent response of cells to inhibitory levels of Cd (10-100 microM). The azuki bean cells challenged to Cd did not contain(More)
This review describes nickel toxicity and nickel resistance mechanisms in fungi. Nickel toxicity in fungi is influenced by environmental factors such as pH, temperature and the existence of organic matter and other ions. We describe resistance mechanisms in nickel-resistant mutants of yeasts and filamentous fungi which were obtained by exposure to a mutagen(More)
The effect of arsenic (25 and 50 μM As for 1 and 5d) was analysed in wild type (WT) and Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh plants deficient in NADPH oxidase C (AtrbohC). The content of H(2)O(2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) increased with the As concentration, while the opposite effect was found for NO in WT and AtrbohC plants. The As treatment reduced catalase(More)
We discovered that a mutant strain of the dimorphic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica could grow in the yeast form in high concentrations of copper sulfate. The amount of metal accumulated by Y. lipolytica increased with increasing copper concentrations in the medium. Washing with 100 mM EDTA released at least 60% of the total metal from the cells, but about 20-25(More)
Galactose inhibited auxin-induced cell elongation of oat coleoptiles but not that of azuki bean stems. Galactose decreased the level of UDP-glucose in oat coleoptiles but not in azuki bean hypocotyls. Glucose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase activity (EC, in a crude extract from oat coleoptiles, was competitively inhibited by galactose-1-phosphate,(More)
Auxin stimulates cell wall glucanase activities in isolated segments of maize coleoptiles with no detectable change in the amounts of the enzymic peptides. To disclose the regulatory mechanism for this enhanced growth, we examined the possibility that protein interactions account for stimulating cell wall enzyme activities. One putative regulatory peptide,(More)
Polyclonal antibodies were raised in rabbits in response to the administration of purified exo- and endoglucanases extracted from cell walls of maize (Zea mays L. B37 x Mo17) coleoptiles. Since the antibodies formed specific conjugates when challenged with the glucanase antigens in immunoblot assays they were employed to evaluate the participation of(More)