Masahiko Yamamoto

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Phylogenetic relationships among 20 species-group taxa of Mustelidae, representing Mustelinae (Mustela, Martes, Gulo), Lutrinae (Enhydra), and Melinae (Meles), were examined using nucleotide sequences of the nuclear interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein (IRBP) and mitochondrial cytochrome b genes. Neighbor-joining and maximum-parsimony phylogenetic(More)
Three genes commonly causing Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) encode myelin-related proteins: peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22), myelin protein zero (MPZ) and connexin 32 (Cx32). Demyelinating versus axonal phenotypes are major issues in CMT associated with mutations of these genes. We electrophysiologically, pathologically and genetically evaluated(More)
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS)-linked mutations in copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause motor neuron death through one or more acquired toxic properties. We analyzed the molecular mechanism underlying motor neuron degeneration in the transgenic mouse model expressing the SOD1 gene with G93A mutation. Using cDNA microarray, the(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive paralytic disorder resulting from the degeneration of motor neurons in the cerebral cortex, brainstem, and spinal cord. The cytopathological hallmark in the remaining motor neurons of ALS is the presence of ubiquitylated inclusions consisting of insoluble protein aggregates. In this paper we report that(More)
Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is a complex trait with evidence that the clinical spectrum includes both microform and subepithelial lip defects. We identified missense and nonsense mutations in the BMP4 gene in 1 of 30 cases of microform clefts, 2 of 87 cases with subepithelial defects in the orbicularis oris muscle (OOM), 5 of 968 cases of(More)
Mutations of the neurofilament-light (NEFL/NF-L) gene were examined in 124 unrelated Japanese patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) without known gene mutations, and 248 normal Japanese individuals. A new method, which can detect basepair mismatches with RNase cleavage on agarose gel electrophoresis, coupled with DNA sequencing, identified 8 novel(More)
BACKGROUND Type I (transthyretin Met30) familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP TTR Met30) occurs in 2 endemic foci in Japan. We have also reported late-onset Japanese cases unrelated to an endemic focus and showing distinctive clinicopathologic features. OBJECTIVE To compare clinical and geographic features of FAP TTR Met30 between patients with onset(More)
Late-onset transthyretin Val30Met-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP ATTR Val30Met) cases unrelated to endemic foci in Japan show different clinicopathological features from the conventional early-onset cases in endemic foci. We compared the characteristics of amyloid deposits in early-onset FAP ATTR Val30Met cases in endemic foci and(More)
The causative pathomechanism of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is not clearly understood. Using microarray technology combined with laser-captured microdissection, gene expression profiles of degenerating spinal motor neurons isolated from autopsied patients with sporadic ALS were examined. Gene expression was quantitatively assessed by(More)
The steady-state mRNA levels of NGF, BDNF and NT-3, and the mRNA levels of their receptors p75NGFR, trk, trk,B and trkC were examined in various human peripheral neuropathies, to determine the correlation with myelinated fiber pathology and T cell and macrophage invasions in the diseased nerves. Steady state levels of p75NGFR mRNAs were significantly(More)