Masahiko Takai

Learn More
BACKGROUND Sitagliptin is a DPP-4 inhibitor that became available for use in Japan three years ago. This study was conducted to identify the pleiotropic effects of sitagliptin other than blood glucose lowering in Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS A retrospective, observational study of 940 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients was conducted.(More)
Sulfonylureas are commonly used for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, some clinical concerns regarding their use have grown over the past decade. Thus, results of a previous Japan-wide cross-sectional survey of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were analyzed to determine the present status and problems(More)
BACKGROUND Ipragliflozin is a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor that can improve glycemic control and reduce body weight and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin in the real-world clinical setting, with a focus on the changes of body composition up to 3 months of(More)
UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  Insulin therapy is often required to achieve good glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, some providers, particularly general practitioners (GPs), are reluctant to prescribe insulin to their patients. The aim of the present study was to clarify any differences in, as well as any problems(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between fasting insulin levels and metabolic risk factors (MRFs) in type 2 diabetic patients at the first clinic/hospital visit in Japan over the years 2000 to 2009. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In total, 4,798 drug-naive Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes were registered on their first clinic/hospital visits.(More)
BACKGROUND Ipragliflozin is a selective sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor that blocks glucose reabsorption in the proximal tubules. SGLT2 inhibitors are expected to be effective in patients with insulin resistance and obesity, but it is important to select treatment according to patient background factors that minimizes the risk of adverse(More)
UNLABELLED (J Diabetes Invest, doi: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2012.00221.x, 2012) Aims/Introduction:  To determine the efficacy and safety of sitagliptin monotherapy and combination therapy in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients after 3 months' therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS   A retrospective, observational study of 741 type 2 diabetes patients was carried out;(More)
To determine the status of diabetes care by general practitioners and diabetes specialists in Japan, we conducted a nation-wide cross-sectional survey. We asked 8112 clinics and hospitals randomly, from throughout Japan, to participate in this study and 721 facilities agreed. A total of 15,652 patients aged from 15 to 97 with type 1 and type 2 diabetes were(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors decrease hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in a glucose-dependent manner in patients on insulin therapy who have impaired insulin secretion. This study investigated factors influencing the efficacy of sitagliptin when used concomitantly with insulin to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the efficacy of switching from insulin to the GLP-1 receptor agonist liraglutide in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS The subjects were 231 outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus being treated with liraglutide for the first time. For 161 patients, liraglutide was continued for 24 weeks (continuation group), and for 70(More)