Masahiko Sawada

Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP-1; Enzyme Commission 2.4.30) is a nuclear DNA repair enzyme that mediates early neuronal ischemic injury. Using novel 3-dimensional, fast spin-echo-based diffusion-weighted imaging, we compared acute (21 hours) and long-term (3 days) ischemic volume after middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in(More)
The free radical theory of aging was examined by measuring the formation of superoxide radical (SOR) and the level of lipid peroxides in various tissues of the aging rat. A significant increase in SOR production was seen in mitochondria prepared from the brain and the heart as rats aged. An elevation in the level of lipid peroxidation was also found in(More)
Cardiac arrest is associated with high mortality and poor neurological outcome. We characterized functional and histological outcome in a novel mouse model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in order to study neuroprotective mechanisms. Cardiac arrest was induced in male C57Bl/6 and 129SVEV mice by i.v. injection of KCl. After 10 min(More)
Supplementation with vitamin E at a concentration of 25 micrograms/ml significantly increased the mean lifespan of the rotifer Asplanchna brightwelli. Of the three life stages, the prereproductive, reproductive and postreproductive, only the prereproductive stage was significantly extended by vitamin E supplementation. Vitamin E supplemented rotifers were(More)
MRI studies using mouse brain models of ischemia are becoming a valuable tool for understanding the mechanism of stroke, since transgenic models are now available. However, the small size of the mouse brain and the surgical complexity of creating ischemia in mice make it technically challenging to obtain high-quality MRI data. Therefore, there are few(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE final sigma-Receptor ligands ameliorate ischemic neuronal injury and modulate neuronal responses to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor stimulation. Because NMDA-evoked synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) may play an important role in excitotoxic-mediated injury, we tested the hypothesis that final sigma-receptor ligands attenuate basal(More)
Lipid peroxides (LP) were measured in whole homogenates and membrane fractions from luteinized rat ovaries and in homogenates of aging rotifers. There was a significant increase in the accumulation of LP as plasma progesterone levels declined during luteal regression. Lipid peroxide levels also increased with age in rotifers. This study indicates that lipid(More)
Groups of rotifers of the species Asplanchna brightwelli were exposed to U.V. irradiation at dosages ranging from 50 to 4800 J/m2. The lifespan of the rotifers was significantly reduced by exposure to U.V. in the range of 200 to 4800 J/m2. A logarithmic decline in lifespan was seen as the U.V. dose increased. Rotifers were most sensitive to U.V. exposure(More)
Antioxidants were used to investigate the role of free radicals in control of luteal steroidogenesis. Corpora lutea from pseudopregnant rats were enzymatically dispersed, the cells were incubated with antioxidants, and progesterone production was measured. Addition of the antioxidants nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), and the(More)
Drosophila were examined to see if there is an increase in damage associated with free radical activity in older flies. The levels of superoxide radical and of lipid peroxides were higher in membrane samples from older flies. Also, in older Drosophila there was a significant decrease in membrane fluidity, as determined by fluorescence polarization, and an(More)