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OBJECTIVE A major signaling pathway that regulates cellular aging is the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/FoxO transcription factor axis. We previously observed that FoxO transcription factors are dysregulated in aged and OA cartilage. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of(More)
OBJECTIVES Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are considered to be involved in the pathobiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, their association with disease activity has not been elucidated. In this study, we measured reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM) in patients with RA using a new Free Radical Analytical System and determined clinical parameters(More)
Anterior dislocation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is rare; 9 cases have been reported in the English literature. Five patients sustained subluxation, with recurvatum as the clinical manifestation, and 4 patients sustained complete dislocation, usually accompanying other serious complications.This article describes a case of complete dislocation that(More)
Partial-thickness articular cartilage defects (PTCDs) do not heal spontaneously and are thought to be a predisposing factor for the development of osteoarthritis. Younger and smaller animals have a better healing capacity for many types of injuries including those to articular cartilage. Our aim was to examine the longitudinal histological changes of(More)
This study investigated the effect of MMP-13 gene knock down on cartilage degradation by injecting small interfering RNA (siRNA) into knee joints in a mouse model of osteoarthritis (OA). OA was induced in male C57BL/6 mice by destabilization of medial meniscus (DMM) surgery. Change of Mmp13 expression over time was determined by qPCR analysis from 3 days to(More)
PURPOSE Our previous study showed that partial-thickness articular cartilage defects (PTCDs) created in immature rats spontaneously healed to resemble normal hyaline cartilage, but that of mature rats did not. To identify molecules involved in the spontaneous cartilage repair observed in this model, gene expression was compared between PTCD and(More)
Synovial haemangioma of the knee joint is a relatively rare benign condition with around 200 reported cases. We have recently encountered two cases of synovial haemangioma of the knee joint which preoperative MRI had assessed as highly suspect and which arthroscopic resection and subsequent histological examinations confirmed as synovial hemangiomas.(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to clarify the distribution of hip pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS We retrospectively studied 443 hips in 369 patients with osteoarthritis secondary to DDH; mean age was 61 years, and follow-up rate was 84 %. Hip pain was defined as preoperative pain that(More)
INTRODUCTION Nerve growth factor (NGF) has an important role in the generation of discogenic pain. We hypothesized that annular rupture is a trigger for discogenic pain through the action of NGF. In this study, the protein levels of NGF in discs from patients with disc herniation were examined and compared with those from discs of patients with other lumbar(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis (PI-LL: PI minus LL) mismatch is emphasized in long-segment fusion for adult spinal deformity; however, there are few studies evaluating the influence of PI-LL on surgical outcomes after short-segment fusion. In this study, we have examined the effects of PI-LL mismatch on surgical outcomes of(More)