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BACKGROUND Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) have high plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), mainly from the atrium, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), mainly from the(More)
OBJECTIVES We 1) evaluated whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced in the peripheral circulation in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), 2) estimated the factors for increased IL-6, and 3)(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate whether repetitive measurements of plasma levels of neurohumoral factors and cytokines before and after additional treatment are useful for predicting(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the changes in myocardial energy metabolism during myocardial ischemia after "remote preconditioning" and investigated the involvement of adenosine receptors in the(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of an angiotensin (Ang II) type 1 receptor antagonist on immune markers in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND Ang II stimulates production(More)