Masahiko Inoue

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To analyze the molecular mechanism of the increased caveolin 3 activities in dystrophin-deficient muscles, we investigated three-dimensionally the changes in caveolin 3 molecular distribution and density at the sarcolemma of mdx mice by the fracture-label electron microscopic technique. At the sarcolemma of skeletal muscles from mdx mice, the densities of(More)
Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is a recently discovered membrane bound water-selective channel and has been described at the light microscopic level to be predominantly expressed in the astrocytes of the brain, especially at the perivascular astrocyte endfoot processes. Alpha1-syntrophin, a member of dystrophin-associated protein, has also been reported at the light(More)
BACKGROUND In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), previous freeze-fracture electron microscopic studies demonstrated that muscle plasma membrane contained markedly decreased numbers of orthogonal arrays. Recent investigations showed that orthogonal arrays were composed of aquaporin 4 (AQP4) molecules, a member of the water channel protein family. (More)
We report a rare case of a 57-year-old woman of neuro-Behçet disease with homonymous quadrantanopsia due to an inflammatory lesion involving the lateral geniculate body. She had oral and genital ulcers since 1983, and uveitis since May 1985. She received diagnosis of incomplete Behçet disease and was prescribed cyclophosphamide since June 1985. After the(More)
Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is a water channel protein that is widely distributed in human tissues. However, the precise functional role of AQP4 in skeletal muscle tissue has not yet been determined. Expression of AQP4 was reported to be reduced in muscle tissue from Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients. In the regenerating phase of skeletal muscle, AQP4 expression(More)
Expression of aquaporin (AQP) 4 in the surface membranes of skeletal myofibers is well established; however, its functional significance is still unknown. The alterations of AQP4 expressions in dystrophic muscles at RNA and protein levels have been reported in various dystrophic muscles such as dystrophinopathy, dysferlinopathy, and sarcoglycanopathy. We(More)
Dysbindin was first identified by the yeast two hybrid assay as a binding partner of dystrobrevin which is a cytoplasmic member of dystrophin glycoprotein complex. Immunolocalization of dystrobrevin in the astrocyte endfeet and endothelial cells in the rat cerebellum was reported. Therefore, we were interested in the expression and localization of(More)
Progressive muscular dystrophies are genetic diseases with various modes of transmission. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by the defect of dystrophin, and Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is caused by an abnormal fukutin gene leading to the glycosylation defect of alpha-dystroglycan. Dystrobrevin is one member of the dystrophin(More)
Aquaporin (AQP) 4 is a water-specific channel protein and is abundant in central nervous tissues and skeletal muscles. Recently, the AQP4 molecule has been increasingly highlighted in its pathophysiological role of several neurological diseases, such as stroke, muscular dystrophy and neuromyelitis optica. We therefore measured the levels of AQP4 mRNA and(More)
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