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To analyze the molecular mechanism of the increased caveolin 3 activities in dystrophin-deficient muscles, we investigated three-dimensionally the changes in caveolin 3 molecular distribution and density at the sarcolemma of mdx mice by the fracture-label electron microscopic technique. At the sarcolemma of skeletal muscles from mdx mice, the densities of(More)
We report a rare case of a 57-year-old woman of neuro-Behçet disease with homonymous quadrantanopsia due to an inflammatory lesion involving the lateral geniculate body. She had oral and genital ulcers since 1983, and uveitis since May 1985. She received diagnosis of incomplete Behçet disease and was prescribed cyclophosphamide since June 1985. After the(More)
To examine the inter-rater reliability of Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, Japanese Version (ADI-R-JV), the authors recruited 51 individuals aged 3-19 years, interviewed by two independent raters. Subsequently, to assess the discriminant and diagnostic validity of ADI-R-JV, the authors investigated 317 individuals aged 2-19 years, who were divided into(More)
Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is a recently discovered membrane bound water-selective channel and has been described at the light microscopic level to be predominantly expressed in the astrocytes of the brain, especially at the perivascular astrocyte endfoot processes. Alpha1-syntrophin, a member of dystrophin-associated protein, has also been reported at the light(More)
BACKGROUND In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), previous freeze-fracture electron microscopic studies demonstrated that muscle plasma membrane contained markedly decreased numbers of orthogonal arrays. Recent investigations showed that orthogonal arrays were composed of aquaporin 4 (AQP4) molecules, a member of the water channel protein family. (More)
The effects of taurine on the motility and intracellular free Ca2+ concentration of fowl spermatozoa were investigated in vitro. The addition of taurine, within the range of 0-5 mmol l(-1), did not appreciably affect the motility of intact fowl spermatozoa. Motility remained almost negligible at 40 degrees C, while vigorous movement was observed at 25(More)
To examine aquaporin 1 (AQP1) expression in skeletal muscle tissue precisely, we performed reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at RNA level and immunoblot analysis, immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy at protein level. The RT-PCR study of total RNA from normal human skeletal muscle showed a strong single band of AQP1. At(More)
Primary deficiency of merosin causes a severe congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) and a mouse dystrophy (dy/dy mouse). Also, its secondary deficiency is seen in some CMD with abnormal glycosylation of Alpha-dystroglycan, an extracellular membrane protein, which is the receptor of merosin and binds to dystrophin underlying the sarcolenma via(More)