Masahiko Ikeda

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STO-609, a selective inhibitor of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase (CaM-KK) was synthesized, and its inhibitory properties were investigated both in vitro and in vivo. STO-609 inhibits the activities of recombinant CaM-KK alpha and CaM-KK beta isoforms, with K(i) values of 80 and 15 ng/ml, respectively, and also inhibits their(More)
GABA, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the adult nervous system, evokes depolarizing membrane responses in immature neurons, which are crucial for the generation of early network activity. Although it is well accepted that depolarizing GABA actions are caused by an elevated intracellular Cl- concentration ([Cl-]i), the mechanisms of Cl- accumulation(More)
To clarify the changes that occur in gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor-mediated effects and contribute to alterations in the network activities after neuronal injury, we studied intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) dynamics in a rat facial-nerve-transection model. In facial motoneurons, an elevation of the resting [Ca(2+)](i),(More)
Aromatase catalyzes intraneuronal conversion of androgens to estrogens in the hypothalamus-preoptic area at a specific time during development. This local estrogen formation has a central role in sexual differentiation. To investigate the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on sexual differentiation, TCDD (800 and 1600 ng/kg) was orally(More)
In the present study, we examined the antiatherosclerotic effects of 3 edible mushrooms, Pleurotus eryngii (Eringi), Grifola frondosa (Maitake), and Hypsizygus marmoreus (Bunashimeji), in atherosclerosis-susceptible C57BL/6J, apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice. Male apoE(-/-) mice (6 weeks of age) were fed a normal diet (cholesterol concentration(More)
Peroxynitrite is assumed to play a crucial role in brain damage associated with the overproduction of nitric oxide (NO). The purpose of this study is to examine time-dependent changes of nitrite and nitrate (NOx) concentration in the circulation, and peroxynitrite formation as well as the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the penumbra(More)
The effects of in utero and lactational 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the reproductive system of male rat offspring (F1) and the sex ratio of the subsequent generation (F2) were examined. Female Holtzman rats were gavaged with an initial loading dose of 400 ng/kg TCDD prior to mating, followed by weekly maintenance doses of 80 ng/kg during(More)
This study investigated the effect of phosphoric acid etching on the dentin bond strength of five single-step self-etch adhesive systems; Absolute, Clearfil tri-S Bond, Fluoro Bond Shake One, G-Bond and One-Up Bond F Plus. Bovine mandibular incisors were mounted in self-curing resin and the facial surfaces were wet ground with #600 SiC paper. Adhesives were(More)
The rat olfactory bulb is anatomically immature at birth, and considerable neurogenesis and synaptogenesis are known to take place postnatally. In addition, significant physiological changes have also been reported in this period. For example, granule cell-mediated inhibition following electrical stimulations to the lateral olfactory tract is robust during(More)