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The rice plant (Oryza sativa L. cv Oochikara) is known to be a Si accumulator, but the mechanism responsible for the high uptake of Si by the roots is not well understood. We investigated the role of root hairs and lateral roots in the Si uptake using two mutants of rice, one defective in the formation of root hairs (RH2) and another in that of lateral(More)
The hulled or naked caryopsis character of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is an important trait for edibility and to follow its domestication process. A single recessive gene, nud, controls the naked caryopsis character, and is located on the long arm of chromosome 7H. To develop a fine map around the nud locus efficiently, the HEGS (High Efficiency Genome(More)
Addition of the long arm of barley chromosome 1H (1HL) to wheat causes severe meiotic abnormalities and complete sterility of the plants. To map the barley gene responsible for the 1H-induced sterility of wheat, a series of addition lines of translocated 1H chromosomes were developed from the crosses between the wheat 'Shinchunaga' and five reciprocal(More)
To elucidate the origin of naked barley, molecular variation of the marker sKT7 tightly linked to the nud locus was examined. A total of 259 (53 wild, 106 hulled domesticated, and 100 naked domesticated) barley accessions were studied. Restriction analysis of the sKT7 PCR-amplified product revealed the alleles I, II, III, and IV. All four alleles were found(More)
An apoplastic pathway, the so-called bypass flow, is important for Na+ uptake in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under saline conditions; however, the precise site of entry is not yet known. We report the results of our test of the hypothesis that bypass flow of Na+ in rice occurs at the site where lateral roots emerge from the main roots. We investigated Na+ uptake(More)
Research in lateral root (LR) development mainly focuses on the role of auxin. This article reports the effect of cytokinins (kinetin and trans-zeatin) on LR formation in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Our results showed that cytokinin has an inhibitory effect on LR initiation and stimulatory effect on LR elongation. Both KIN and ZEA at a concentration of 1 microM(More)
Chromosome 5H of Hordeum vulgare 'New Golden' (NG) carries a gene(s) that accelerates heading in a wheat background. To introduce the early heading gene(s) of NG barley into the wheat genome, we attempted to induce homoeologous recombination between wheat and NG 5H chromosomes by 5B nullisomy. A nullisomic 5B, trisomic 5A, monosomic 5H plant (2n = 42) was(More)
Auxin transport plays a significant role modifying plant growth and development in response to environmental signals such as light and gravity. However, the effect of humidity on auxin transport is rarely documented. It is shown here that the transport of labelled indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) from the shoot to the root is accelerated in rice (Oryza sativa L.(More)
This paper reports morphological and physiological characteristics of a first root-hairless mutant (RH2) of rice (Oryza sativa L.), which can be useful in advancing knowledge on the role of root hairs in water and nutrient uptake, and genetics of root hairs. The mutant was selected among NaN3 mutagenized progeny of the rice cultivar Oochikara. Microscopic(More)
Comparative effects of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) on lateral root (LR) formation were studied using 2-day-old seedlings of IR8 rice (Oryza sativa L.). Results showed that IBA at all concentrations (0.8–500 nmol/L) increased the number of LRs in the seminal root. However exogenous IAA, failed to increase the number of LRs. On(More)