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KChIP2, a gene encoding three auxiliary subunits of Kv4.2 and Kv4.3, is preferentially expressed in the adult heart, and its expression is downregulated in cardiac hypertrophy. Mice deficient for KChIP2 exhibit normal cardiac structure and function but display a prolonged elevation in the ST segment on the electrocardiogram. The KChIP2(-/-) mice are highly(More)
Muscle cells respond to mechanical stretch stimuli by triggering downstream signals for myocyte growth and survival. The molecular components of the muscle stretch sensor are unknown, and their role in muscle disease is unclear. Here, we present biophysical/biochemical studies in muscle LIM protein (MLP) deficient cardiac muscle that support a selective(More)
The gp130 cytokine receptor activates a cardiomyocyte survival pathway during the transition to heart failure following the biomechanical stress of pressure overload. Although gp130 activation is observed transiently during transverse aortic constriction (TAC), its mechanism of inactivation is largely unknown in cardiomyocytes. We show here that suppressor(More)
Whereas interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a proinflammatory cytokine, IL-10 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine. Although signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is essential for the function of both IL-6 and IL-10, it is unclear how these two cytokines have such opposing functions. Here we show that suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is a key(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy and end-stage heart failure result in multiple defects in cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. Via complementation of a genetically based mouse model of dilated cardiomyopathy, we now provide evidence that progressive chamber dilation and heart failure are dependent on a Ca2+ cycling defect in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum.(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to develop a clinically applicable high-efficiency percutaneous means of therapeutic gene delivery to the failing heart. BACKGROUND Substantial advances in the understanding of the cellular and molecular basis of heart failure (HF) have recently fostered interest in the potential utility of gene and cell therapy as(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and its paralogues urocortin (Ucn)I, -II, and -III signal by activating their receptors, CRF receptors (CRFR)1 and -2, to maintain homeostasis through endocrine, autonomic, and behavioral responses. CRFR2 is found in cardiomyocytes and in endothelial and smooth muscle cells of the systemic vasculature. Echocardiography(More)
The feasibility of gene therapy for cardiomyopathy, heart failure and other chronic cardiac muscle diseases is so far unproven. Here, we developed an in vivo recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) transcoronary delivery system that allows stable, high efficiency and relatively cardiac-selective gene expression. We used rAAV to express a(More)
Cardiac myocyte survival is of central importance in the maintenance of the function of heart, as well as in the development of a variety of cardiac diseases. To understand the molecular mechanisms that govern this function, we characterized apoptosis in cardiac muscle cells following serum deprivation. Cardiotrophin 1 (CT-1), a potent cardiac survival(More)
Cardiac muscle is equipped with intricate intrinsic mechanisms to regulate adaptive remodeling. Recent and extensive experimental findings powered by novel strategies for screening protein-protein interactions, improved imaging technologies, and versatile transgenic mouse methodologies reveal that Z disks and titin filaments possess unexpectedly complicated(More)