Masahiko Hirafuji

Learn More
We have recently shown that inferior performance in passive avoidance task is accompanied with decreased hippocampal choline (Ch) in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) compared with normotensive control Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). We also reported that dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) suppresses the development of hypertension and(More)
We recently reported that chronic administration of cyclophosphamide significantly increased urinary 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) excretion in rats indicative of a release of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) from intestinal enterochromaffin (EC) cells. Cyclophosphamide is considered to be an inactive prodrug and require conversion to active emetic(More)
Considering the importance of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and cyclooxygenase (COX) products in vascular pathology, we investigated the effects of 5-HT on COX expression in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and to provide mechanistic insights into these effects. VSMCs were enzymatically isolated from aortic media of Wistar rats. Incubation of VSMCs(More)
The effects of 3 bisphosphonates, AHBuBP, AHPrBP, and Cl2MBP on cell growth, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis in the clonal osteoblast-like cell line MC3T3-E1 were studied. These bisphosphonates had essentially similar effects on growth and the osteoblastic functions of the cells, i.e., they had no(More)
Cytotoxic drug-induced nausea and vomiting are the side effects most feared by cancer patients. Emesis is an instinctive defense reaction caused by the somatoautonomic nerve reflex, which is integrated in the medulla oblongata. Emesis caused by cytotoxic drugs such as cisplatin is associated with an increase in the concentration of 5-hydroxytryptamine(More)
It is widely accepted that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) rich in fish oils protect against several types of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis, or hypertension. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may be the active biological components of these effects. Although the precise(More)
Emesis is an instinctive defense reaction caused by the somato-autonomic nerve reflex which is integrated in the medulla oblongata. Emesis caused by cytotoxic drugs and radiation is associated with an increase in the concentration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the intestinal mucosa and in the brainstem. 5-HT released from enterochromaffin (EC) cells,(More)
The object of this study was to evaluate the involvement of 5-HT3 receptors in the regulation of 5-HT release from the small intestine using ferrets, an animal model of emesis. 2-Methyl-5-HT, a 5-HT3 receptor agonist, produced a concentration-dependent increase of 5-HT from the ferret ileum. This increase in 5-HT release was significantly inhibited by(More)
In species which vomit, elevated intestinal serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) may stimulate abdominal vagal afferent fibers, which in turn evoke the vomiting reflex. The release of 5-HT from intestinal enterochromaffin (EC) cells is regulated by polymodal mechanisms. The object of this study was to evaluate the involvement of 5-HT autoreceptors in the(More)
The regulating mechanisms of PAF-acether (platelet-activating factor) biosynthesis in cultured human vascular endothelial cells stimulated with thrombin were investigated. The formation of PAF-acether was maximal at 5 min after stimulation and gradually decreased for up to 30 min. Thrombin induced a rapid 3-4-fold increase in the activity which was maximal(More)