Masahiko Gosho

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OBJECTIVE The effect of additional treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents on the progression of atherosclerosis remains unknown in insulin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We assessed the effects of sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in T2DM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This(More)
Biomarkers are becoming increasingly important for streamlining drug discovery and development. In addition, biomarkers are widely expected to be used as a tool for disease diagnosis, personalized medication, and surrogate endpoints in clinical research. In this paper, we highlight several important aspects related to study design and statistical analysis(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent experimental studies have shown that dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have antiatherosclerotic benefits in glucagon-like peptide 1-dependent and -independent manners. The current study investigated the effects of alogliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, on the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(More)
OBJECTIVES Vitamin E is often used in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH); however, the magnitude of treatment response associated with vitamin E in improving liver function and histology in NAFLD/NASH has not, to our knowledge, been quantified systematically. Thus, we conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND While poor sleep quality can worsen cardiovascular risk factors such as glucose and lipid profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the relationship between sleep quality and atherosclerosis remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine this relationship. METHODS The study participants comprised 724 Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-related diseases are responsible for a tremendous amount of morbidity and mortality in Japan. We estimated the prevalence of H. pylori infection by sex, birth year, and geographic area among Japanese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS This cross-sectional study included 14,716 subjects aged 20 years or more who(More)
Determination of neuroactive substances, such as neurotransmitters and prostanoids, in the extracellular space of the living brain is a very important technique in neuroscience. The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is one of the most important autonomic control centers in the brain. Recently, we demonstrated that thromboxane (Tx) A2 in the PVN may(More)
BACKGROUND Cisplatin and other anticancer drugs are important in the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma; however, some tumours develop drug resistance. If chemoresistance could be determined before treatment, unnecessary drug administration would be avoided. Here, we investigated chemoresistance factors by comprehensive analyses at the(More)
AIM To compare the long-term efficacy and safety of pitavastatin with atorvastatin in patients with type 2 diabetes and combined (mixed) dyslipidaemia. METHODS Randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, multinational non-inferiority study. Patients were randomised 2 : 1 to pitavastatin 4 mg (n = 279) or atorvastatin 20 mg (n = 139) daily for 12 weeks.(More)
BACKGROUND Most microsurgeons believe that smoking and severity of injury adversely affect the outcome of digital replantation surgery. As countermeasures, several pharmacologic agents have been used for the perioperative period. The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine whether the rate of necrosis is appreciably different across smokers(More)