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BACKGROUND Transforming growth factors beta (TGFs beta) are involved in a variety of important cellular functions, including cell growth and differentiation, adhesion, migration, extracellular matrix formation, and immune function. Moreover, it has been reported that TGFs beta are correlated with angiogenesis. However, the role of TGF-beta as an angiogenic(More)
BACKGROUND Less invasive treatment is the current trend in many surgical fields. Most patients with early gastric cancer do not have lymph node metastasis. Thus extensive resection of the stomach and extended lymph node dissection do not appear to be necessary. METHODS In a retrospective study, 890 consecutive patients with early gastric cancer who had(More)
BACKGROUND It is important to clarify the clinicopathologic characteristics of micrometastasis in lymph nodes and microinvasion in primary lesions for the treatment options with regard to submucosal gastric cancer. METHODS We examined 1945 lymph nodes and 68 primary tumors resected from 79 patients with submucosal gastric cancer. Two consecutive sections(More)
AIMS Tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) play a role in local anti-tumour immunity. Tumour cells may escape from immune surveillance by expressing RCAS1, a receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells, which inhibits T cell growth. In this study, the correlation between the density of CD8+ TILs, tumour cell apoptosis, and tumour RCAS1(More)
Patients diagnosed with early gastric cancer located in the middle third of the stomach have two major surgical options, namely a conventional distal gastrectomy with Billroth I anastomosis (DG) or a pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG). Pyloruspreserving gastrectomy is thought to have greater functional benefits than DG, but the evaluation of its prognosis(More)
Recent studies have shown that tumor suppressor genes, particularly p53, may play a crucial regulatory role in the control of angiogenesis. Accordingly, we analyzed the correlation between p53 accumulation and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and microvessel counts in a series of human gastric adenocarcinomas by(More)
It has been reported that decreased numbers of dendritic cells (DCs) are correlated with poor prognosis in some types of malignancy, such as gastric cancer. However, factors that determine the density of DCs have not been characterized. It was recently reported that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibits the functional maturation of DCs from(More)
We performed splenectomy on patients with macroscopic advanced gastric cancer located at the proximal part of the stomach to achieve complete D2 lymphadenectomy. The aim of this study was to clarify the survival benefit of splenectomy in the treatment of gastric cancer. The clinical records of 225 patients who underwent total gastrectomy with splenectomy(More)
Disrupted imprinting is implicated in certain tumorigenesis. Since aberrant methylation has been described for a majority of microsatellite instability (MSI)-positive sporadic colorectal cancers, we have investigated alteration to the imprinting in 55 sporadic colorectal cancers with or without MSI. Loss of imprinting (LOI) of IGF2 and PEG1/MEST was(More)
Background. Endoscopic mucosal resection is frequently used in the treatment of mucosal gastric cancer. Micrometastasis in the lymph nodes of mucosal gastric cancer remains unclear. Methods. We examined 2526 lymph nodes from 84 patients with mucosal gastric cancer. Two consecutive sections were prepared, for simultaneous staining with hematoxylin and eosin(More)