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Rho family GTPases are frequently overexpressed in breast cancers, which regulate cancer cell migration and invasion. They require prenylation, a lipid post-translational modification, for full biological functions. We examined the effects of 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor (fluvastatin), a selective farnesyltransferase(More)
The calponin (basic or h1) gene, normally expressed in maturated smooth muscle cells, is aberrantly expressed in a variety of human soft tissue and bone tumors. In this study, we show that expression of the calponin gene in human soft tissue and bone tumor cells is regulated at the transcriptional level by the sequence between positions ؊260 and ؊219(More)
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors prevent the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate and thereby inhibit the synthesis of other products derived from this metabolite. This includes a number of small prenylated GTPases involved in cell growth, motility, and invasion. We studied the effect of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors(More)
Two members of the S100 gene family, S100A6 and S100A4 have been suggested to be associated with cancer invasion and metastasis. To study their involvement in the malignancy of human colorectal adenocarcinoma, we examined the protein expression levels of S100A6 and S100A4 in the primary colorectal adenocarcinoma (T) and paired adjacent normal colorectal(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI) enables noninvasive spatial mapping of free radical metabolism and has recently been shown to provide in vivo physiologic information regarding alterations in the redox state of tumors and neoplastic tissues. With the use of nitroxide spin probes, it has been shown that certain tumors possess a highly reduced(More)
Histamine has been implicated in the pathogenesis of gastroduodenal ulcers. Since mast cells contain a considerable amount of histamine as well as heparin and other biologically active substances, it seems reasonable to speculate that they are involved in this process. In fact, development of gastroduodenal ulcers was reported in dogs with mastocytoma, and(More)
Purpose. Histogenesis of synovial sarcoma remains controversial and reliable molecular markers for diagnosis are necessary. Expression of basic calponin, a smooth muscle differentiation-specific actin-binding protein, was studied in synovial sarcoma.Subjects and Methods. The basic calponin gene and the gene product were analyzed by reverse transcription PCR(More)
OBJECTIVE A dose-escalation study of irinotecan (CPT-11) combined with S-1, a novel oral fluoropyrimidine, was performed to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), recommended dose (RD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) in advanced gastric cancer. METHODS S-1 was administered orally at 80 mg/m(2)/day for 21 consecutive days followed by a 2 week(More)
The effect of pravastatin, an inhibitor of p21ras isoprenylation, on hepatocarcinogenesis induced by N-nitrosomorpholine and on p21ras isoprenylation were investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats received i.p. injections of pravastatin (10 and 20 mg kg(-1) body weight) every other day and, from the beginning of the experiment, were given drinking(More)
The affects of L-thyroxine (T4) on the incidence and histology of gastric cancers induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), and on the labelling index of gastric mucosal epithelial cells were investigated in Wistar rats. After oral treatment with MNNG for 25 weeks, the rats received s.c. injections of T4 (0.2 microgram kg-1) in depot form(More)