Masaharu Ohbayashi

Learn More
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in industrial counties. Recent findings indicate that the autoimmunity is involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. However, there is no autoantibody biomarker applied in a clinical setting for diagnosis and prognosis of AMD. In order to reveal retinal antigens targeted(More)
Chemokines, representing a large superfamily of 8- to 15-kd proteins, were originally discovered through their ability to recruit various cell types into sites of inflammation. It is now clear that these molecules play a much wider role in immune homeostasis, playing key roles in driving the maturation, homing, and activation of leukocytes. In this review(More)
Autoantibody production is associated with a variety of ocular disorders, including autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). A breakdown of immunologic tolerance (ocular immune privilege), including the blood-retinal barrier, anti-immune and anti-inflammatory proteins, and anterior chamber-associated immune deviation may play(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in industrial counties. Its pathogenesis is at least partially mediated by immunological factors, including a possible autoimmune response. To date, only a few antibodies have been identified in sera from patients with AMD. In order to reveal an autoantibody profile for(More)
Ellipsoids, the extra-vasculature sites surrounding penicilliary capillaries of the chicken spleen, play critical roles in the immune response and also in the clearance of pathogens or other particles. The meshwork of ellipsoids is formed by fibroblastic reticular cells. To characterize ellipsoidal reticular cells, a series of monoclonal antibodies against(More)
The immune response is regulated, in part, by effector cells whose activation requires multiple signals. For example, T cells require signals emanating from the T cell antigen receptor and co-stimulatory molecules for full activation. Here, we present evidence indicating that IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions in vivo also require cognate signals to(More)
The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the application of immunohistochemical examinations to the peripheral nervous system (PNS) can be a reliable method for the quantitative analysis of the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) and the relationship between restoration of BNB and nerve regeneration. Sciatic nerves in rats were examined after nerve crush.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the mechanisms of the development of retinal neovascularization, the localizations of vascular endothelial (VEGF) receptors Flk-1 and neuropilin (NP)-1 mRNAs were examined. METHODS The model of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) was produced by ischemia-induced ocular neovascularization, by exposing postnatal day-7 mice to 75% oxygen(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are a subset of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that are involved in the initiation and control of the immune response to antigens present at the interface with the environment. A limited number of groups have studied DCs in human and animal conjunctiva but no data is available concerning the different DC subsets present in the(More)
PURPOSE Inflammation is a risk factor for scarring after trabeculectomy surgery. Mast cells are important mediators of inflammation and scarring in allergic eye disease. This exploratory project investigated the presence of mast cells in the conjunctiva of glaucoma patients having trabeculectomy surgery. METHODS Conjunctival biopsies from glaucoma(More)